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War Machine 60

War Machine 60

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Published by wfrad
War Machine issue 60 from 1983.
Illustrated guide to heavy AA guns of WWII.
War Machine issue 60 from 1983.
Illustrated guide to heavy AA guns of WWII.

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Published by: wfrad on Aug 31, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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CONTENTS
Heavy
Anti-Aircraft
Guns
of
War
II
Cannoneda
75/46
C.A,
modello
34
Camoneda90i53Anti-Aircraft
Fire
Control
Type
88
iS-mm anti-aircraftgun
The
French
75-mm
guns
Bofors
iS-mm
and 80-mm
Modei
1929
and
Model
1930
8,8-cmFlak
18
and
Flak
37
8,8-cmFlak4l
The
88
inAction
I0,5-cm
Flak
38
and
Flak
39
I2,8-cmFlak40
0rdnance,
QF,3in
20
cwt
0rdnance,
QF,3,7inAck-Ack
in
theBattle
of
Britain0rdnance,
QF,
4,5in,
MMk
II
3-in
Antiaircraft
Gun
M3
90-mmGunMI
TheSoviet85-mm
Ens
Armed
Forces
of
the
World
US
Manne Corps
(Part4)PublishedbyOrbis
PublishinqLtd
@Aerospace
Publishing
Ltd
1984
Editorial
OfficesWar
Machine
Aerospace
PublishingLtd
'10
Barley
Mow
Passage
London
W4
4PH
Managing Editor:
StanMorse
Editorial:
Trisha Palmer
Chris
BishopChris Chant
Design:
Rod Teasdale
ColourOrigination:
lmago Publishing
Ltd,
Thame,
Oxon
Typesettinq:
SX
Composinq
Ltd
Artists:
John
Rrdyard
Ray Hutchins258410Printed
in
Great Britain
by The
Artisan
Press
ttdConsultant
Editor:
Major
General
Sir
Jeremy Moore
KCB OBE
MC, Comman-
der
of
British
Land
Forces
during
the
Falklandscampaign.
Distribution
and
marketing
offices:Orbis
PublishinqLtd
Orbis
House
20-22
BedfordburyLondon
WC2N
4BT
Telephone:
01-379
671
1
CirculationDirector:
David Breed
MarketingDirector:
Michael
Joyce
WAR MACHINE
PriceUK
80p.
lR t1
.
Aus
$1
.95. NZ$2
25.
SA
R1.95.Singapore
$4.50.LSA
a^oCanada $1.95
How
to
obtainyour
copies
of
WARMACHINE:
Copies are obtainable
by
plac-ing
a
regularorder
at
yourNewsagent,
or by
takingout
a subscription.
Subscription
RatesFor six
months
(26issues)
f23.80;
for
one
year(52issues)
t47.60.
Sendyour
orderand
remittance
to
PunchSubscription
Services,WatlrngStreet, Bletchley,
Milron
Keynes,Bucks MK2
2BW.
being sure
ro
statethenumber
of
the first issue required
BackNumbersUK
&
Eire:
Back
numbersare
obtainable
Iromyour
Newsagent
or
{rom
WAF
MACHINF
Back
Numbers.
Orbrs
Pubtrshr"oLimited,20 22 Bedfordbury, London
WC2li
4BT
at cover
price.
Australia:
Back numbers
are
obtainable
fromWAR
MACHINE Back Numbers,
Gor
don
&
Gotch(Aus)
Ltd,
114
William
Street,POBox 767G,
Melbourne,
Vic
3001
South Africa,
Europe,
Maltaand
New
Zealand:
Back numbers
are
available
at
cover
price
fromyourNewsagent.ln
case
of
drffrculty
wflle
to
the
address
in
you'
countrygiven
for
binders. South
Africanreadersshould add sales tax.
How
to
obtain
binders
for
WAR
MACHINE
UK
&
Eire:
Send
a
cheque or Postal Order
for
f3.95
perbinder(inclp
&
p) payable
tc
Orbis
Publishing
Ltd
to
WAR
MACHINEBinders,
Orbis
House, 2O-22 Bedfordbury,London
WC2N
4BT
Europe:
Write
with
remittance
of
f5.00pe'binder(incl
p
&
p)
payable
to
Orbis
Pub-
lishing
Ltd
to
WAR
MACHINE
Binders
Orbis House, 20-22 Bedtordbury, Londo'WC2N
4BT.
Malta:
Binders
are
obtainable throughyou-
localNewsaqent,price
f3.95.
ln
case o'difficulty write
to WAR MACHINE Binders
Miller
(Malta)Ltd, M.A. Vassalli Street, Va-
letta.
Malta.
Australia:
For
details
of
how toobtainyoL-brnders seernsertsin early issues or
wnte
tO
WAR MACHINE
BiNdErS,
First
POSI
Pt',
Ltd, 23 ChandosStreet, StLeonards,
NSS,
2065. Thebinders supplied are
those
illus-
tratedin the
magazine.
NewZealand:
Binders are
available
throughyour
local
Newsagent
or
f
rom
WAP
MACHINE Blnders,Gordon
&
Gotch
(NZ
Ltd,
PO
Box
1594, Wellington.
South
Africa:
Binders
are available
througr
any branch
of Central News Agency.
In
case
of
difficulty
wrire to
wAR
MACHINE
Bin,
ders,Intermag,
PO Box 57394, Springfie
c
zt3/Note:
B
nders
and
Back Numbers
are
obtanabre
subject to
availability
of
stocks
Wh st
everv attempt is
made
to
keep theprrce
o'
lhe
issuesand binders
constant
I'e
o
rl
s^e's
'eservet^e
flght
to
increase
the
staled
pr
ces
at
any
time when
cir'
cumstances
d
ctate
Binders depicted
ln
thrspublcat on are
those
produced
for
the
UK
market only
and maynot
necessaril\
beidentcal
to
bindersproduced
for
sale
outs de
the
UK. Binders and issues may
be
sublect
to
lmportduty
and
/or
local taxes
which
are
not
included in
the
abovepricesunless stated.
The
WAR
MACHINEpublished
by
OrbisPublishing
Ltd
has no
connection
with
the
WAR MACHINEpublished
by
Emjay. The
latter isa
magazine
devoted
to
computersimulationgaming
and
further
information
and subscription details can
be
obtained
from
Emjay,
17
LangbankAvenue,
Rise
Park,
Nottrngham
NG5
sBU,
England.
World
I
I82
I
I82
I
I83
I
I84
I
I84
I
I85
I 186I 186I 187I
I92
I
t92
r
193I 194I 195I
I98
I
I98
I
I99
1200
iii
Picture
aclcrowledgements
Cover
photognph:Impeial
War Museum
llSt-ttgg:
lmperial
war
Museum
1200:
R
F
(iii):
US Mar
ne
Corps
(iv):
US
Alr
ForceruS Marrne Corps.
.',Po-e*'
'Tt '--
I
Forthmmrng
issuesfeature:
AxisSubtnuinesof
World
Vttu
II
Modem
Naval
SAlvls
Canier
Aircraft
of
the
1960s
Supersonic Fighters
Modern Wheeled
APCs
(Pafi
2)
rFt7u
t
h*
re-
 
of
we--
d\hrll
The
dranratic
rise
in
the
power
of
aircraft
between
the
wars
ew
metny
ateas
formerly
safe
from
battle
come
uttder
tlueat.
While
the
major
counter
to
high-altitade honbing
was
the
de
fendingfighter,
groundforces
also had a
part
to
play,notably
centredarowrd
the
anti-aircraft
gm.
','.-::-C
War II
wasboththe heyday of and the sceae for the
last
large-
.':-e
use
of the heavy anti-aircraft
gn:n.
The
weaponhad been
born
:
-:-rg
World
War
I,
but
by
1939
the
heavy
anti-aircraft
gnrn
was
basically
.,-.=
same
as
that
used
in
1918,
along with
the
fire-control
systems
which
.',::elittle
more advanced
in
1939
than
they
had been
in
1918,
But
.
:.:ugh
the
guns
appeared
to
be
similar
to
the
World War
I weapons
:.:,'
had
in
fact been considerably advanced
in
performance:
more
:
,',','erful
charges
firedlarger
andmore effective
projectiles
to
greater..=-;his
than
before and at
much
higher
muzzle
velocities. Their
car-
:.=;:s
had also
been
updated.
---ere
and
there
some
left-overslromWorldWar
I
survived,
especially
-:-,ng
the
French
75-mm
(2
95-in)
gmns,
But
by
1939
many
olthe
gnrns
in
:=:.':ce were
no
longer
the hasty
improvisations of
1918
andearlter, but
:
-:icse-designed
andpurpose-buiitweapons
of
considerablepower,
',':,r
them
feil
the
brunt
of
the
defence
of
cities
and
fleld armies
against=-:
l:iack,
and the
same
guns
defended
the rmportant centres
of
com-
:.-:.rcation
and
production.At
many and
diverse
locations these
guns
s
.
-:
C
and
waited
for
an
enemy whrch often
never arrived,
but
elsewhere
-.-.=
enemy came rn drovesand the heavy anti-aircraft
gmns
were
in
=::-:n
for
as
long
as
their crews could load
them.
The
Battle
of
Britain
encompassed
all
the
many varieties
of
air
defences.Eeneatfi
fft e
Spitfiresand Hurricanes
of F
ighter
C
ommand,
thou
s
ands
of
men
andwomenlaboured
to
sewe
the
anti-aircraft
batteries of
Britaintor
hoursand even days
at a
time.
Among
the
gmns
drscussed
here
is
one that
has
by now
become
almost
a
legend,namely
the
German
'88'.
This famousgun
earned
its
reputationoutside
its
design spectrum
as
an
antr-armourweapon, but
all its
detailsare
prbvided
here
along
with
accounts
of its
use in
action,
Butas
will
be
seen,
the
'88'
wasnot endowed
with
magicalpowers;nor
did it
have
a
specification
that
made
it
differ
from
many
other weapons mentionedinthts
book,
It
wassimply the
way
it
was
used thatattracted
so much
notortety,Many
other
gunscould have
been
used
in
a
similar
wayagainst
armour
but their
owners
were
erther notso
inclined
or
notorganrzed
to use
antr-aircraft
gnrns
against
land targets,
They
were usedinstead for
the
role
for
which
they
were
designed, namely
the
engage-ment
of aircraft
targets
in
defence
of a localrty
or
installation, Mostof
them
were
able
to
carry
outthis task
more
than
adequately,
and
certain-
ly
as
well
as
anyGerman
'88'.
A
G
erm
an
he
avy
b
attery in action
in
N
ovember
I
9
39.
The
I
2.
8
-
cm
F
lak 40
gans
are
tiring simultaneously
to
allow
theirheavy
shells
to'bracket their
target. Laterin
thewar suchcombinationswereradar-directed,
and
as many
as
16
heavyweapons
wouldconcentrate
their
fire
upon
a
single Juck/ess
bomber.,i;;
'*
:
:;-'"
a
i;;'{;{;
}

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