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Installation of Oracle 11g on Linux

Installation of Oracle 11g on Linux

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Published by: UKG on Aug 31, 2010
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Installation of Oracle 11g on Linux (Red Hat Enterprise Linux – 4) 
Posted byJiltin20 March, 2009
15,949 views
Group and User Creation in Unix/LinuxAs we all aware that Oracle 11g is now available for installing on Linux. Yesterday, I installed &configured the Oracle 11gR1 (11.1.0) and created the database on Linux (Red Hat EnterpriseLinux – 4.0) successfully. I would like to share the steps with my blog viewers what I havefollowed to install it.Operating System Details:Linux – (Red Had Enterprise Linux – 4.0)Database Version Details:Oracle 11g Release 1 (11.1.0)Download Software: (linux_11gR1_database.zip)http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/database/index.htmlPre-Installation Tasks:* Prepare the stage area for Oracle Software on the Serve —– Choose the mount point where software needs to be staged./u01 —– Create the stage directories and change the ownership and permissions.Su – rootPassword: xxxxx ( Enter your root password Here)# mkdir –p /u01/11gStage# chown –R oracle:dba /u01/11gStage# chmod –R 755 /u01/11gStage —– Copy the software in the stage areaftp the downloaded Oracle 11g software in this stage area and change the ownership and permissions.$ cd /u01/11gStage$ chown oracle:dba linux_11gR1_database.zip$ chmod 755 linux_11gR1_database.zip* Performing the pre-installation tasks —– Check the size of physical RAM
 
$ grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo Note: During the installation it will say failed when it checks the available physical RAM is lessthan 900 MB , no problem even if you have less than 900MB (if it’s for testing purpose), you cancontinue with the installation. —– Check the size of SWAP space$ grep SwapTotal /proc/meminfo —– Check the free disk space in “/tmp” directory$ df -k /tmp —– Check the free space available on the system$ df –k * Checking the Software Requirements —– The version of Linux is installed$ uname –a —– Check the following required packages are installed. binutils-2.15.92.0.2-18compat-libstdc++-33.2.3-47.3elfutils-libelf-0.97-5elfutils-libelf-devel-0.97-5glibc-2.3.9.4-2.19glibc-common-2.3.9.4-2.19glibc-devel-2.3.9.4-2.19gcc-3.4.5-2gcc-c++-3.4.5-2libaio-devel-0.3.105-2libaio-0.3.105-2libgcc-3.4.5libstdc++-3.4.5-2libstdc++-devel-3.4.5-2make-3.80-5sysstat-5.0.5unixODBC-2.2.11unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 —– To check RPMS are installed or not.Login as ROOT user # rpm –q libaio-devel-0.3.105-2# rpm –q unixODBC-devel-2.2.11…………………………………………………………Like this check for all the above RPMS.
 
 —– Install the missing packages or rpms.First download the missing RPMS from the relavent Linux websites, or if you have the CDs withyou, used during the Linux Installation, you can use them to find the missing rpms from that. —– To install or upgrade RPMS are installed or not.Login as the ROOT user # rpm –ivh unixODBC-devel-2.2.11.3-1.i386.rpmOr # rpm –Uvh unixODBC-devel-2.2.11.3-1.i386.rpm* Creating Required Operating System Groups and Users —– Check and create DBA groupSu – rootPassword: xxxxx ( Enter your root password Here)# cat /etc/group’grep dba# /usr/sbin/groupadd dba —– Check and create ORACLE user and assign dba group.# cat /etc/passwd’grep oracle# /usr/sbin/useradd –d “/home/oracle” –m –g dba –c “Oracle 11g Owner” oracle —– Set the password of the ORACLE user # passwd oracle* Create Required Directories —– The Oracle Base Directory and Oracle Home DirectoriesSu – rootPassword: xxxxxx (Enter the password for root here)# mkdir –p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.0.1# mkdir –p /u02/oradata —– Chang the owner and group of the directories# chown –R oracle:dba /u01/app/oracle/product/11.0.1# chown –R oracle:dba /u02/oradata —– Change the permissions of the directories# chmod –R 755 /u01/app/oracle/product/11.0.1# chmod –R 755 /u02/oradata* Configuring Kernel Parameters —– Check the current parameters and values in /etc/sysctl.conf # cat /etc/sysctl.conf  Note: Take a back up of this file before changing the values and parameters.# cp –p /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.conf.old

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