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Materials and Technology

Materials and Technology

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Published by mrs_g_ocampo
Lesson 1 and Lesson 2
Lesson 1 and Lesson 2

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: mrs_g_ocampo on Aug 31, 2010
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05/17/2013

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LESSON 1ACTIVITY
Answer page 112 of Into the Future: Science and Health (Yellow), Activity 3.1 on one whole sheet of  paper to be submitted to the Class President.
LECTURE
HOUSEHOLD MATERIALSHousehold Materials ± 
materials used at home.1.
 
Preservatives ± chemicals that help preserve the quality of the food, and slow down spoilage tomake food last longer.-
 
substances used to prevent the action of the agents of spoilage such as bacteria, molds, yeasts and insects.Examples: sodium nitrate, sodium benzoate2.
 
Additives ± chemicals that enhance the flavor/taste and color of food.Examples: monosodium glutamate (vetsin), sodium chloride (salt), citric acid, achuete, ketchup,tomato sauce3.
 
Antiseptics ± kill germsExamples: soap and alcohol4.
 
Solvents± liquids that dissolve another substance or substances to form a solution.Examples: water, vinegar, calamansi juice extract, acetone, muriatic acid, alcohol, thinner,turpentine5.
 
Insecticides ± chemical poisons used to kill harmful insects at home such as cockroaches andmosquitoes.6.
 
Pesticides ± poisons used in farms to effectively control pests such as stem borers.-chemical mixtures or botanical agents from plants.7.Paints- mixture of coloring matter with a suitable liquid that forms a dry coat when spread over asurface.- protect and decorate homes, buildings, and furniture.8. Synthetics ± manmade- substances that have been made artificially that come from carbon, hydrogen, nitrogenand oxygenExamples: plastic, styrofoam, sachetsANTISEPTICS
Soap
± substance usually made by the action of alkali on fat that dissolves in water and is used for cleaning and washing.a.
 
Toilet and Laundry Soaps ± cleaning agents for bathroom and clothes b.
 
Bar and Liquid Soaps ± cleaning the face and bodyc.
 
Powdered Soap or detergents ± dishwashing or laundryd.
 
Scouring powder ± clean kitchen tiles, bathroom walls, and floorsSOLVENTS
Turpentine and Thinner
± make the paints less viscous so they are easy to apply.INSECTICIDES
3 Basic Types
1.
 
Phosphates (malathion)2.
 
Carbomates3.
 
DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichlorothane)
 
 PESTICIDES
3 Groups
1.
 
Herbicide ± kills harmful weeds2.
 
Insecticide ± destroys harmful insects in plants3.
 
Fungicide ± destroys fungiPAINT
2
Components
1.
 
Dye or pigment ± powdered form that give color to the painted surface2.
 
Binder ± holds the pigment particles together and are always in liquid formSYNTHETICS
P
lastics
± complex organic compounds that can be formed or molded by heat and pressure into a varietyof shapes, colors, textures, hardness, durability, and elasticity-lightweight and resistant to environmental corrosion.- good insulators for heat and electricityResins and Polymers- raw materials of plasticsPolymers ± long chain of molecules linked together by a process called polymerizationMethods to Mold Plastic1.
 
Pressure molding2.
 
Injection molding3.
 
Blow-molding extrusion4.
 
CastingKinds of PlasticThermoplastic ± plastic that can be repeatedly softened by heat and reshaped.Thermoset ± plastic that cannot be reshaped or molded into another form.
ASSIGNMENT
Answer page 192 of your Science and Health (New) on your Science Notebook ± Lecture Part. Answersonly.

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