The designations employed and the presentation of the materialin this publication do not imply the expression of any opinionwhatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nationsconcerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or areaor of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiersor boundaries. The term ‘country’ as used in the text of thispublication also refers, as appropriate, to territories and areas.Since there is no established convention for the designation of‘developed’ and ‘developing’ countries or areas in the UnitedNations system, this distinction is made for the purposes ofstatistical and analytical purposes only and does not necessar-ily express a judgment about the stage reached by a particularcountry or region in the development process. Mention of thename of any company, organization, product or website does notimply endorsement on the part of the United Nations.
Te United Nations Department o Economic and Social Afairs is a vital interace betweenglobal policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. TeDepartment works in three main interlinked areas: (1) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range o economic, social and environmental data and inormation on which MemberStates o the United Nations draw to review common problems and to take stock o policyoptions; (2) it acilitates the negotiations o Member States in many intergovernmentalbodies on joint courses o action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (3)it advises interested governments on the ways and means o translating policy rameworksdeveloped in United Nations conerences and summits into programmes at the countrylevel and, through technical assistance, helps build national capacities.
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Copyright © United Nations, 2010All rights reserved. No part o this publication maybe reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or trans-mitted, in any orm or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording or other- wise, without prior permission.S/ESA/PAD/SER.E/131ISBN: 978-92-1-123183-0Sales No.: E.10.II.H.2Printed by the UN Publishing Section, New York