Aortic valve stenosis
The aorta is the large artery that originates in the left ventricle (lower chamber) of the heart. Aorticstenosis is the narrowing or obstruction of the heart's aortic valve, which prevents it from openingproperly and blocks the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
As the aortic valve becomes more narrow, the pressure increases inside the left heart ventricle.This causes the left heart ventricle to become thicker, which decreases blood flow and can lead tochest pain. As the pressure continues to increase, blood may back up into the lungs and you mayfeel short of breath. Severe forms of aortic stenosis prevent enough blood from reaching the brainand rest of the body. Lightheadedness and fainting can result.Aortic stenosis may be present from birth (congenital), or it may develop later in life (acquired). Itis caused by many disorders. One common cause is rheumatic fever ,a complication of untreated
strep throat. Calcification of the valve can also cause this condition. In this case, the condition isusually not seen until a person reaches their 70s.Aortic stenosis occurs in approximately 5 out of every 10,000 people. It is more common amongmen.
Under the chest bone, may move to other areas
crushing, squeezing, pressure, tightness
Pain increases with exercise, relieved with restNote: Aortic stenosis may show no symptoms until late in the course of the disease.
Signs and tests
The health care provider will be able to feel a vibration or movement when placing the hand over the heart. A heart murmur, click, or other abnormal sound is almost always heard through astethoscope. There may be a faintpulseor changes in the quality of the pulse in the neck.A change in neck pulse is called pulsus parvus et tardus.Blood pressure may be low.