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Edible Mushrooms

Edible Mushrooms



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Published by draculavanhelsing
Recognising Edible Mushrooms
Recognising Edible Mushrooms

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on Sep 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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For more inormation visit www.agric.wa.gov.au
The Chie Executive Ofcer o the Department o Agriculture and Food and the State o Western Australia accept no liabilitywhatsoever by reason o negligence or otherwise arising rom the use or release o this inormation or any part o it.
Important disclaimer
Figure 1. Field mushroom
(Agaricus campestris)
.Photo © by Georg Mueller.
Figure 3.
 Agaricus subruescens.
Photo © by Neale Bougher 
Figure 2. Horse mushroom
(Agaricus arvensis)
.Photo © by Georg Mueller.
When cooler weather and the frst rains arrive,many people start thinking about collectingmushrooms. To avoid poisoning, it is importantto be able to correctly identiy them in thefeld. Most people collect the feld mushroom
(Agaricus campestris)
, or the similar horsemushroom
(Agaricus arvensis)
, or similar ediblemushrooms with small scales covering the capsuch as
 Agaricus subruescens
which pop upin metropolitan open spaces and in backyards.However, people should be aware that there area small number o dierent species which can beconused with feld mushrooms; these are eitherinedible or poisonous. This Gardennote describessome tips to help distinguish edible mushroomsrom their inedible look-alikes.
Field mushrooms
When unsure about correct identifcation, peoplesometimes use simple ‘tests’ which have beenound to be unreliable, or example, ‘peeling thecap’ or ‘dipping a silver spoon in the cooking potto check or blackening’. Fungi with a neat, cleanappearance are not necessarily edible, and uglyor messy ungi are not necessarily poisonous.To help correctly identiy feld mushrooms, lookor these three main eatures : A large eshy cap (4 to 16 cm across), the topo which can vary in colour between white andbrown, but does not have gold or yellow tones.Gills, which in the young feld mushroom are pink,and in the horse mushroom, cream, but which
change with age rom pink to dark brown.
 A veil o skin over the gills when the mushroomis young and in the ‘button’ stage, which splitsas the cap expands and remains attached to thestem as a small ring o skin (Figure 7).It is important to realise that in any ush omushrooms there may be a range o agespresent rom the ‘button’ stage with very palegills to old ‘ats’ with dark-brown, almost blackgills. I only ‘buttons’ are present it is saer tokeep them until the next day, to be sure the pink-brown gill colour develops, typical o
an ediblefeld
Recognising edible feld mushrooms
By Harald Homann, Biosecurity Communications; Dr Neale Bougher, Western Australian Herbarium,DEC and Peter Wood, Plant Pathology 
Note: 422
March 2010Replaces Gardennote 47

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pearsch added this note
One will make you bigger, the other make you small. I really don't think I want to try this one, at all.
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