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Bentuk Akar Dan Pangkat

Bentuk Akar Dan Pangkat

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Published by: geger2011 on Sep 01, 2010
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12/10/2013

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BAB IBENTUK AKAR DAN PANGKAT
1.1 Bentuk Akar
Bentuk akar adalah akar dari bilangan rasional yang hasilnya merupakan bilangan irasional (bukan bilangan rasional).
1.1.1 Menyederhanakan Bentuk Akar
Untuk setiap a dan b bilangan positif, maka berlakut:
baba
..
=
 dengan a atau b harus dapat dinyatakan dalam bentuk akar kuadratmurni.ContohSederhanakan bentuk akar berikut:1.
8
2.
12
3.
18
4.
50
5.
500
Jawab:1.
8 42 4 2 2 2
= = =
. .
4.
50 252 25 2 5 2
= = =
. .
2.
12 43 4 3 2 3
= = =
. .
5.
500 100 5 100 5 10 5
= = =
. .
3.
18 92 4 2 3 2
= = =
. .
1.1.2 Penjumlahan & Pengurangan Bentuk Akar
a c b c a b ca c b c a b c
+ = +=
( )( )
Contoh :Sederhanakan bentuk-bentuk berikut1.
5 2 7 2
+
4.
4 3 12 27
+
2.
8 3 3 3
5.
125 20 80
+
3.
4 5 8 5 10 5
+
Jawab :1.
5 2 7 2 5 7 2 12 2
+ = + =
( )
4.
4 3 12 27 4 3 2 3 3 3 5 3
+ = − + =
2.
8 3 3 3 8 3 3 5 3
= =
( )
5.
125 20 80 5 5 2 5 4 5 3 5
+ − = + − =
3.
4 5 8 5 10 5 4 8 10 5 2 5
+ = + =
( )
1.1.3 Perkalian Bentuk Akar
a c xb d ab cd
=
Contoh :Sederhanakan bentuk-bentuk berikut1.
2 5x
5.
( )( )2 3 2 5 3
8.
( )7 2
2
+
2.
8 20x
6.
( )( )7 3 7 3
+
9.
( )7 3
2
3.
3 5 4 2x
7.
( )( )3 2 2 5 3 2 2 5
+
10.
( )2 3 4 5
2
+
4.
2 4 2 6( )
+
Irvan Dedy, S.PdPage 1 of 4 SMA Dwiwarna
 
Jawab:1.
2 5 10x
=
2.
8 20 160 4 10x
= =
3.
3 5 4 2 12 10x
=
4.
2 4 2 6 2 4 2 2 6 8 12 8 2 3( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
+ = + = + = +
5.
( )( ) ( ) ( )2 3 2 5 3 2 2 5 3 3 2 5 3
= = +=
2 5 6 6 1517 6 6
6.
( )( ) ( ) ( )7 3 7 3 7 3 7 3 4
2 2
+ = = =
7.
( )( ) ( ) ( )3 2 2 5 3 2 2 5 3 2 2 5 18 20 2
2 2
+ = = =
8.
( ) ( ) . ( )7 2 7 2 7 2 2 7 2 14 2 9 2 14
2 2 2
+ = + + = + + = +
9.
( ) ( ) . ( )7 2 7 2 7 3 3 7 2 21 3 10 2 21
2 2 2
= + = + =
10.
( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )2 3 4 5 2 3 2 2 3 4 5 4 5
2 2 2
+ = + +
= + += +
12 16 15 8092 16 15
1.1.4 Menarik Akar
( ) ( ) . ( )a b a a b ba b ab
+ = + += + +
2 2 2
22
Maka
a b ab a b
+ + = +
2 ( )
( ) ( ) . ( ).a b a a b ba b a b
= += +
2 2 2
22
Maka
a b ab a b
+ = −
2 ( )
ContohHitung :1.
5 2 6
+
2.
8 60
+
3.
8 2 12
4.
11 120
Jawab :1.
5 2 6 3 2
+ = +
3.
8 2 12 6 2
=
2.
8 60 8 2 15 5 3
+ = + = +
4.
11 120 11 2 30 6 5
= =
1.1.5 Merasionalkan Penyebut Pecahan
12..( )ababxbba bbab cab cxb cb ca b cb c
= =+=+=
Pasangan bilangan
( )b c
+
dan
( )b c
disebut bentuk akar sekawan.ContohRasionalkan penyebut pecahan berikut:1.
42
2.
53
3.
22 1
+
4.
55 3
5.
7272
+
6.
35 2 3
+
Irvan Dedy, S.PdPage 2 of 4 SMA Dwiwarna
 
Jawab:1.
4242224 22
2 2
= = =
.
6.
35 2 335 2 35 2 35 2 3
+ + + ++ +
=
( )( )( )
.
2.
53533315313
15
= = =
.
102436153)1027( 3615
++++++
==
3.
22 122 12 12 12 2 12 1
2 2 1
+ +
= = =
. ( )
( )
=
 
15
 
6
32
2
 
10
.
2
 
102
 
10
4.
55 355 35 35 35 5 35 3
+++
= =
.
( )
)104(2 1036606215030
++
=
 
= = +
+
5 15212
5 15( )
)663103(
121
+=
5.
7 27 27 27 27 27 27 2 14 27 2
+++
= =
.
)2610(
41
+=
 
= =
9 2 14515
9 2 14( )
1.2 Eksponen1.2.1 Definisi
1.
a a a a a
n sebanyak n fakto
=
. . ....
2.
a
0
1
=
untuk setiap
a
 
0a : bilangan pokok3.
a
na
n
=
1
n : eksponen4.
a a
mn
mn
=
n : bilangan asli
1.2.2 Sifat-sifat
1.
a a a
m n m n
.
=
+
3.
( )
.
a a
m n m n
=
5.
( )
abnab
nn
=
2.
aam n
mn
a
=
4.
( . ) .
a b a b
n n n
=
ContohHitung nilai dari:a.
( )16
34
c.
( )81
34
e.
16 0 5
0 125 0 5, ( , )
( , )
 b.
()32
25
d.
()243
45
Jawab :a.
( ) ( )16 2 2 8
3434
4 3
= = =
c.
( ) ( )81 3 3 27
4534
4 3
= = =
 b.
( ) ( )32 2 2 4
2525
5 2
= = =
d.
( ) ( )243 3 3 81
4545
5 4
= = =
e.
16 05 2 2 2 2 0
0 125 0 5 4 1
18121212
, ,
( , ) ( ) ( )
= = =
2. Sederhanakan :3. Jadikan pangkatnya positif :
Irvan Dedy, S.PdPage 3 of 4 SMA Dwiwarna

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