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Being Muslim Prayer Guide

Being Muslim Prayer Guide

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Published by Marijachos

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Published by: Marijachos on Sep 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Five Daily PrayersThe Five Daily PrayersThe Five Daily PrayersThe Five Daily Prayers
It is a requirement (
) for every morally accountable Muslim to perform five prayers(
) daily. The required daily prayers have specified times, as well as specified lengths andcontents.Every ritual prayer is composed of a specific set of actions, performed in a particularsequence repeated multiple times throughout the prayer. The specific set of actions makes upa prayerprayerprayerprayer----unitunitunitunit (
). There are four positions in the ritual prayer, each present in the prayer-unit (
).The first is standingstandingstandingstanding
straight, facing the prayer direction (
). The next is bowingbowingbowingbowing(
), which is comprised of bending at the waist and resting the palms above the knees, tomake the back parallel to the ground, as much as one can. The next position is prostrationprostrationprostrationprostration(
): placing the forehead and nose to the ground, palms resting on the ground on eitherside of the shoulders, and the toes and balls of the feet turned forward, placed on the groundas well. The last is the sittingsittingsittingsitting position, where the feet tuck beneath the behind and the kneespoint forward, with the palms gently resting upon them. During each of these positions, onesays a certain Arabic prayer or invocation, depending on where in the prayer-unit (
) theposition falls.In order to perform the prayer (
), you will have to memorize a number of supplications, invocations, and chapters (
) from the Quran in the original Arabic. Theprayers and invocations are included below along with their respective transliterations, tohelp you to memorize them. This book also contains an appendix of short chapters from theQuran to memorize and recite in prayer. In a short amount of time, God willing, you willbecome very comfortable with reciting these pieces from memory.
The PrayerThe PrayerThe PrayerThe Prayer----Unit (Unit (Unit (Unit (RakRakRakRakahahahah))))
The prayer is started by raising your hands from your sides to the height of yourshoulders, palms down, and saying audibly the opening proclamation, “
 Allāhu akbar 
(God iseven greater!),” which marks entry into the sanctified state of the prayer. Then, the prayer-unit (
) begins with standing straight, hands folded above the navel, right over left
. Next,
Properly speaking, the dominant opinion within the Mālikī school of law (
) is to rest that hands at thesides, similar to the standing position after coming up from bowing position. The reason the minority position of folding the hands is presented here is that most people are unaware of the dominant position of the school. Thismay lead to people who are ignorant of this validated position approaching others to “correct” them. Since thelack of awareness is so widespread, it may be wisest for beginners to follow the minority opinion, which is alsovalid. This will prevent them from attracting complex juridical discussions of legal philosophy which are likelybeyond the scope of everyone involved. It is important, however, to be aware of this position, and understand the
recite the first chapter of the Quran, “The Opening (
)”, and then closes out thesupplication it contains by saying “
” (“Amen!”).
The OpeningThe OpeningThe OpeningThe Opening
Chapter 1Chapter 1Chapter 1Chapter 1
In the name of God, the All-Merciful, the Compassionate
Praise is proper to God, Lord of the universe,the Benevolent, the Merciful,Ruler of the Day of Requital.It is You we worship, to You we turn for help.Show us the straight path,the path of those You have favored, not of thosewho have incurred Your anger, nor of those whowander astray.
Bismil-lāhir -Ramānir-Raīm
Alamdulillāhi Rabbil-ālamīnArramānir-RaīmMāliki Yawmid-DīnIyyāka nabudu wa ‘Iyyāka nastaīnIhdina-irāal-mustaqīmirāal-ladhīna ‘anamta alayhim ghayril-maghūbi alayhim wa la-āallīn.(Āmīn)In the first two prayer-units of a prayer, one adds the recitation of any selection fromthe Quran (see…).Next, you say the proclamation, “
 All All All Allāāāāhu akbar hu akbar hu akbar hu akbar 
(God is even greater!),” whiletransitioning to the bowing (
) position. Here you silently
say three times, “
SubSubSubSubāāāāna Rabbilna Rabbilna Rabbilna Rabbil----aaaa  ī īī īmmmm
(Glorified is my Lord, the Magnificent!).”Then you transition from the bowing position back to standing straight a second time,and you say, “
SamiSamiSamiSami----Allahu liman Allahu liman Allahu liman Allahu liman amidahamidahamidahamidah
(God listens to those who praise Him!).” Thenstanding straight, hands resting at the sides, you say, “
RabbanRabbanRabbanRabbanāāāā lakklakklakklakkalalalal----amdamdamdamd
(Our Lord, praise is yours alone!).”Next, again proclaim, “
 All All All Allāāāāhu akbar hu akbar hu akbar hu akbar 
(God is even greater!),” and transition to theprostration (
) position. In prostration, silently say three times, “
SubSubSubSubāāāāna Rabbilna Rabbilna Rabbilna Rabbil----aaaalllāāā
 (Glorified is my Lord, the Exalted!).” Then, moving to the sitting position, say again, “
 All All All Allāāāāhhhhuuuuakbar akbar akbar akbar 
(God is even greater!).” In the sitting position, you say, “
RabbRabbRabbRabb----ighfirlighfirlighfirlighfirlī īī ī war war war war----amnamnamnamnī īī ī 
(My Lord,forgive me and have mercy on me!). Then return to the prostration position and repeat thesame invocation. This completes one prayer-unit (
).In the second prayer-unit (
), rise from the second prostration of the prayer-unitand this time, remain in the sitting position. At this sitting, called the middlemiddlemiddlemiddle sittingsittingsittingsitting, you recitethe Testimonial InvocationTestimonial InvocationTestimonial InvocationTestimonial Invocation (
at at at at----TashahhudTashahhudTashahhudTashahhud
):All salutations of authority, belong to God; at-taiyyātu lil-lāh,
degree of verification it has undergone over the centuries granting it the dominant position of the schoolsubsequent to the inspections and conclusions of countless scholars.
When referring to the prayer (
), to recite something silently is to recite so that you can not hear your ownvoice, but you must still to move your lips. To say something loud enough to hear your own voice is to recite itaudibly.

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