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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1Audience
1.2How to use this guide
1.3Scope
1.3.1Limitations to the scope
1.3.2Material alteration
1.3.3Buildings of special architectural or historic interest
1.4Legal requirements
1.4.1Building Regulations
1.4.2Interaction with other legislation
1.5Inclusive design
1.5.1Out-of-hours use
1.6DCSF policy regarding sprinkler systems
1.7Property protection
1.8Alternative approaches – ‘fire safety engineering’
1.9Independent schemes of certification and accreditation
1.10Fire safety management
1.10.1 The DCSF risk management strategy for schools and local authorities
Background information
2.1The principles of fire behaviour
2.1.1How do fires start?
2.1.2Where do fires start?
2.1.3How do fires develop and spread?
2.1.4Smoke movement and its impact on escape
2.2Statistical data for school fires
2.2.1Deaths
2.2.2Injuries
2.2.3Economic cost
2.2.4Pattern of accidental and deliberate fires
2.2.5Relative number of school fires in different regions of the country
2.2.6Fire locations within a school
2.3Fire safety engineering
2.3.1Qualitative design review
Qualitative design review (QDR)
2.3.2Assessment of designs
2.3.3Reporting and presentation
2.4Fire risk assessment
2.4.1Risk assessment and the provision of sprinkler systems
2.4.2Cost benefit analysis (CBA)
2.4.3Cost-benefit analysis and the provision of sprinkler systems
2.5Fire protection systems
2.5.1Means of escape
2.5.2Automatic fire detection, alarms and communications
2.5.3Signs and notices
2.5.4Emergency lighting
2.5.5Smoke control
2.5.6First-aid fire-fighting equipment
2.5.7Sprinkler systems
2.5.8Other automatic fire suppression systems
2.5.9Restricting the spread of fire and smoke through the school
2.5.10Fire doors
2.6Arson
•deter unauthorised entry onto the site;
2.6.1Deterring unauthorised entry onto the site
2.6.2Preventing unauthorised entry into a building
2.6.3Reducing the opportunity for an offender to start a fire
2.6.4Reducing the scope for potential fire damage
2.6.5Reducing subsequent losses and disruption resulting from a fire
2.6.6Security, and prevention of arson
2.6.7Further information on arson prevention
2.7Designing for fire safety management
3.1Places of special fire hazard
3.1.1Storage spaces
3.1.2Cloakrooms
3.1.3Laboratories and technology rooms
3.1.4Kitchens
3.1.5ICT areas
3.1.6Corridors and circulation areas
3.1.7Temporary and relocatable accommodation
3.1.8Boiler rooms
3.2Fire detection and alarm systems
3.3Sprinkler systems
3.4Smoke control systems
3.5Fire doors
3.6Methods of measurement
3.7Fire performance of materials, products and structures
3.8Robust construction
Means of warning and escape
4.1Overview
4.1.1Requirement B1 of the Building Regulations
4.1.2Performance
4.1.3Introduction
4.2Fire alarm and fire detection systems
4.3Design for horizontal escape
4.3.1Introduction
4.3.2Escape route design
4.4Design for vertical escape
4.4.1Introduction
4.4.2Number of escape stairs
4.4.3Provision of refuges
4.4.4Width of escape stairs
4.4.5Calculation of minimum stair width
4.4.6Protection of escape stairs
4.4.7Basement stairs
4.4.8External escape stairs
4.5General provisions for means of escape
4.5.1Introduction
4.5.2Protection of escape routes
4.5.3Doors on escape routes
4.5.4Stairs
4.5.5General
4.5.6Lifts
4.5.7Mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning systems
Internal fire spread (linings)
5.1Overview
5.1.1Requirement B2 of the Building Regulations
5.1.2Performance
5.1.3Introduction
5.2Wall and ceiling linings
5.2.2Variations and special provisions
5.2.3Thermoplastic materials
Internal fire spread (structure)
6.1Overview
6.1.1Requirement B3 of the Building Regulations
6.1.2Performance
6.1.3Introduction
6.2Loadbearing elements of structure
6.2.1Introduction
6.2.2Fire resistance standard
6.3Compartmentation
6.3.1Introduction
6.3.2Provision of compartmentation
6.3.3Construction of compartment walls and compartment floors
6.3.4Openings in compartmentation
6.3.5Protected shafts
6.4Concealed spaces (cavities)
6.4.1Introduction
6.4.2Provision of cavity barriers
6.4.3Pathways around fire-separating elements
6.4.4Extensive cavities
6.4.5Construction and fixings for cavity barriers
6.5Protection of openings and fire-stopping
6.5.1Introduction
6.5.2Openings for pipes
6.5.3Ventilation ducts, flues, etc
6.5.4Fire-stopping
External fire spread
7.1Overview
7.1.1Requirement B4 of the Building Regulations
7.1.2Performance
7.1.3Introduction
7.2Construction of external walls
7.2.1Introduction
7.2.2Fire resistance standard
7.2.3External wall construction
7.2.4External surfaces
7.3Space separation
7.3.1Introduction
7.3.2Boundaries
7.3.3Unprotected areas and fire resistance
7.3.4Methods for calculating acceptable unprotected area
7.4Roof coverings
7.4.1Introduction
7.4.2Classification of performance
Access and facilities for the Fire and Rescue Service
8.1Overview
8.1.1Requirement B5 of the Building Regulations
8.1.2Performance
8.1.3Introduction
8.2Fire mains and hydrants
8.2.1Introduction
8.2.2Fire mains in buildings with fire-fighting shafts
8.2.3Number and location of fire mains
8.2.4Design and construction of fire mains
8.2.5Provision of private hydrants
8.3Vehicle access
8.3.1Introduction
8.3.2Buildings not fitted with fire mains
8.3.3Buildings fitted with fire mains
8.3.4Design of access routes and hard-standings
8.4Access to buildings for fire-fighting personnel
8.4.1Introduction
8.4.2Provision of fire-fighting shafts
8.4.3Number and location of fire-fighting shafts
8.4.4Design and construction of fire-fighting shafts
8.4.5Rolling shutters in compartment walls
8.5Venting of heat and smoke from basements
8.5.1Introduction
8.5.2Provision of smoke outlets
8.5.3Construction of outlet ducts or shafts
Appendices
Fire resistance
Reaction to fire
Non-combustible materials
Materials of limited combustibility
Internal linings
Thermoplastic materials
Fire test methods
Fire behaviour of the core materials and fixing systems
Fire-fighting
Design recommendations
Specifying panel core materials
Specifying materials/fixing and jointing systems
General
Classes of fire
Types of fire extinguisher
Class of fire
Number of extinguishers required
Positioning of extinguishers
Travel distance
Free area of smoke ventilators
Simple buildings
Complex buildings
Risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis tools
Simple risk tool
Risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis tool
Figure H3 Risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis tool
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Designing for Fire Safety in Schools

Designing for Fire Safety in Schools

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Published by Kay Bus Arra

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Published by: Kay Bus Arra on Sep 01, 2010
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12/31/2013

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