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Case Study 1 VLANs, VTP and Inter-VLAN Routing

Case Study 1 VLANs, VTP and Inter-VLAN Routing

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Published by VENUSHOPE

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Published by: VENUSHOPE on Sep 01, 2010
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09/27/2010

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Arbab Nazar 
Case
 
Study
 
1
 
VLANs,
 
VTP
 
and
 
Inter-VLAN
 
Routing
 
VLAN
 
Name
 
10
 
Red
 
20
 
Blue
 
30
 
Orange
 
40
 
Green
 
This Subnetting scenario, we will use……VLAN 10: 172.16.10.0/24VLAN 20: 172.16.20.0/24VLAN 30: 172.16.30.0/24VLAN 40: 172.16.40.0/24Fa 0/12 : 172.16.50.0/24Loopback0: 172.16.60.1/24
 
Arbab Nazar 1.
Disable the links between the access layer switches.
DS1(config)#interface range fa 0/7 - 10
DS1(config-if-range)#sh
 
DS2(config)#interface
 
range
 
fa
 
0/7
 
-
 
10
 
DS2(config-if-range)#sh
 
AS1(config)#interface
 
range
 
fa
 
0/7
 
-
 
10
 
AS1(config-if-range)#sh
 
AS2(config)#interface
 
range
 
fa
 
0/7
 
-
 
10
 
AS2(config-if-range)#sh
 
2.
Place all switches in the VTP domain CISCO. Make DS1 the VTP server and allother switches VTP clients.
DS1(config)#vtp
 
domain
 
CISCO
 
DS1(config)#vtp
 
mode
 
server DS2(config)#vtp
 
domain
 
CISCO
 
DS2(config)#vtp
 
mode
 
clientAS1(config)#vtp
 
domain
 
CISCO
 
AS1(config)#vtp
 
mode
 
clientAS2(config)#vtp
 
domain
 
CISCO
 
AS2(config)#vtp
 
mode
 
client
 
3.
Create the VLANs shown in the VLAN table and assign the names given. For subnet planning, allocate a subnet for each VLAN.
DS1(config)#vlan
 
10DS1(config-vlan)#name
Red
DS1(config-vlan)#exitDS1(config)#vlan
 
20DS1(config-vlan)#name
Blue
DS1(config-vlan)#exitDS1(config)#vlan
 
30DS1(config-vlan)#name
Orange
DS1(config-vlan)#exitDS1(config)#vlan
 
40DS1(config-vlan)#name
Green
DS1(config-vlan)#exit
 
Arbab Nazar 
4.
Make DS1 the primary spanning-tree root for all VLANs. Make DS2 the backup root.
DS1(config)#spanning-tree
 
vlan
 
1,10,20,30,40,1002,1003,1004,1005
 
root
 
primaryDS2(config)#spanning-tree
 
vlan
 
1,10,20,30,40,1002,1003,1004,1005
 
root
 
secondary
 
5.
 
Make F0/12 between DS1 and DS2 a layer 3 link and assign a subnet to it.
DS1(config)#interface
 
fa
 
0/12
 
DS1(config-if)#no
 
switchport
 
DS1(config-if)#ip
 
address
 
172.16.50.1
 
255.255.255.0
 
DS1(config-if)#no
 
sh
 
DS2(config)#interface
 
fa
 
0/12
 
DS2(config-if)#no
 
switchport
 
DS2(config-if)#ip
 
address
 
172.16.50.2
 
255.255.255.0
 
DS2(config-if)#no
 
sh
6.
Create a loopback interface on DS1 and assign a subnet to it.
DS1(config)#interface
 
loopback
 
0
 
DS1(config-if)#ip
 
address
 
172.16.60.1
 
255.255.255.0
 
7.
Make F0/11 between DS1 and DS2 an ISL trunk link
DS1(config)#interface
 
fa
 
0/11DS1(config-if)#switchport trunk
 
encapsulation
 
isl
 
DS1(config-if)#switchport mode trunkDS1(config-if)#no shDS2(config)#interface
 
fa
 
0/11DS2(config-if)#switchport trunk
 
encapsulation
 
isl
 
DS2(config-if)#switchport mode trunkDS2(config-if)#no sh
8.
Configure all other trunk links using 802.1q.
(The default encapsulation is 802.1q)
9.
Make sure that all inter-switch links are statically set as trunks(Using
SHOW VLAN BRIEF
)
10.
The links from DS1 to each access switch must be bound together in anEtherChannel.
DS1(config)#interface range fa 0/7 -8DS1(config-if-range)#channel-group
 
1
 
mode
 
on
 
DS1(config-if)#exit
 
DS1(config)#interface
 
port-channel
 
1
 
DS1(config-if)#switchport
 
trunk
 
encapsulation
 
dot1q
 
DS1(config-if)#switchport
 
mode
 
trunk
 

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