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Introduction to Hadith - Mufti Ibraheem Desai

Introduction to Hadith - Mufti Ibraheem Desai

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Published by: Mujahid Asaadullah Abdullah on Sep 01, 2010
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06/26/2012

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Darul Iftaa Camperdownwww.al-inaam.com|www.askimam.org 
Introduction to
Hadith
 
 Mufti Ebrahim Desai (d.b)
 
Darul Iftaa Camperdownwww.al-inaam.com|www.askimam.org 
Contents:-
a) Definition of Hadith – literal and technicalb) Subject matter of Hadithc) Aims and Objectives of Hadithd) The basis of the word Hadithe) Virtues of Hadithf) Authority of Hadith and answers to those who object to Hadithg) Compilation of Ahaadithh) The different types of books in Hadithi) Category of the different books in Hadith j) Some famous scholars in the field of Hadithk) Category of the narrators of Hadithl) Different ways of obtaining Hadithm) Some rules pertaining to declaring a Hadith – Sahih and Dha’eef n) Imam Abu Hanifa [Rahimahullah] and Hadith
 
Darul Iftaa Camperdownwww.al-inaam.com|www.askimam.org 
DEFINITION OF HADITH
Literal meaning of ‘Hadith’
The word Hadith is singular and means Kalaam (speech). The plural is Ahaadith.
Technical definition of Hadith
The Fuqaha (Jurists) and Muhadditheen (Traditionists and experts in Hadith) differ in their definitions of Hadith. This is because the fields of both are different. According to the Fuqaha, the subject matter of Hadithis to deduce the laws of Shari’ah from Hadith and the subject matter of the Muhadditheen is to merely compilethe Ahaadith.Hence, according to the Fuqaha, the definition of Hadith is:The knowledge through which the sayings, the actions, the conditions and confirmations of Rasulullah[Sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam] are known. Conditions here refer to only voluntary conditions, notinvoluntary conditions.
1
 The Muhadditheen do not differentiate between voluntary conditions and involuntary conditions. Therefore,the definition of Hadith according to the Muhadditheen is:The knowledge of the sayings of Rasulullah [Sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam], his actions, conditions,acknowledgements of actions and that of his Sahaba [Radhiyallahu 'anhum] and those beyond them (who arefollowed in Deen).
2
 According to the Fuqaha of Khurasaan, the word Hadith is used only for Marfoo` Hadith. The word Athar isused for Mawqoof Ahaadith.
3
Imam al-Nawawiy [Rahimahullaah] (D: 676AH) has stated
4
that the majority of the Muhadditheen do not differentiate between Hadith and Athar. Both are used for Marfoo` and Mawqoof Ahaadith. Imam al-Tahaawi’s [Rahimahullaah] (B.229AH, D.321AH) compilation of 
Sharh Ma’aani Al- Aathaar 
has many Marfoo' Ahaadith. Imam Ibn Jarir al-Tabari’s [Rahimahullaah] (D.310AH),
Tahzheeb al- Aathaar 
also has many Marfoo` Ahaadith. This indicates that the term Athar can also refer to Marfoo`Ahaadith.
SUBJECT MATTER OF HADITH
Allamah al-Kirmaaniy [Rahimahullaah] (B.224AH; D.310AH) states that the subject matter of Hadith is thepersonality of Rasulullah [Sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam] as a prophet.
5
 
1
 
Tawjeeh al-Nazhar Ilaa Usool al-Athar 
Vol.1 Pg.37; Beirut 1st Edition 1416AH Edited by Sheikh Abdul-Fattaah Abu-Ghuddah
2
 
Fath al-Baaqiy Bi Sharh Alfiyyah al-'Iraaqiy
Pg.41; Dar Ibn Hazam Beirut; 1
st
Edition 1420AH
3
 
 Zhafr al-Amaaniy
Pg.26; Dar al-Basha-ir al-Islamiyya Beirut; 3rd Edition 1416AH
4
 
Sharh Sahih Muslim
Vol.1 Pg.63; Qadeemi Kutub Khana Karachi Pakistan
5
 
Tadreeb al-Raawiy
Pg.14; Dar Al-Fikr Beirut 2000BC Edition

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