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Gaya Hidup Dan Pencegahan Serangan Jantung

Gaya Hidup Dan Pencegahan Serangan Jantung

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Published by Indonesia Tobacco

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Published by: Indonesia Tobacco on Sep 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/18/2012

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Oleh
S U G I R I
PERAN PENATAAN GAYA HIDUPDALAM PENCEGAHAN SERANGAN JANTUNG
EPIDEMIOLOGI
Negara maju: Penyakit Jantung Iskemik ( PJI )
epidemi sejak abad 20Surkesnas (2001): Penyakit Jantung & pembuluhdarah penyebab kematian tertinggi ( 26,3% )Serangan jantung ( infark miokard akut / IMA )paling bahaya & mortalitas tinggi.Faktor pemudah IMA = Faktor risiko
 
RUANG LINGKUP FAKTOR RISIKO (FR)
FR faal biokimia -endogenFR dasar biologikFR sistem organFR lingkungan, sos-ek, gaya hidup
Pembagian lain:
-Dapat / tidak dapat dimodifikasi-Mayor / minor
FAKTOR RISIKO AKIBAT GAYA HIDUP
 
Mekanisme:Gas CO & nikotin
rusak sel endotel
reaktif
Gas CO
O
2
sel darah merah
iskemia& spasme
Akibat lain : -Fibrinogen
-Agregasi platelet
-Lipid
Henti rokok:serangan jantung
terutama perempuan
a. Merokok Sigaret
KarboksiHbGangguanTransfer O2AgregasiTrombosit
HDL Kolesterol
Nikotin
Norepinefrin&katekolamin
MyokardiumTekananDarah& FrekuensiJantung
KebutuhanOksigen
MekanismeterjadinyaPJK padaperokok
Rokok
Karbonmonoksida
Atherosklerosis
PermeabilitasvaskulerTekananDarah

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