The tasks of the post-war conflicting situation are basically three-fold. These tasks can besequenced as immediate (maximum 180 days), short-term (6 months to 12 months) andmedium term (six months to 18 months).
The Immediate Tasks
The immediate tasks in the post-war conflicting situation include upgrading the IDPcamps to internationally accepted levels by providing food, shelter, clothing, medicalrequirement, and ensuring education of school going age children. Since there is an issueof security of which the state is usually worried about, screening to separate the formerLTTE combatants may be necessary. However, that process should be completed as fastas possible. At the moment, one of the serious issues that is not satisfactorily address isthe provision of adequate sanitary facilities for IDP camps.7.
One of the major flaws in the conventional mechanism of providing humanitarianassistance to IDPs is the conventional mechanism makes IDPs dependent on outsidestructures. So it is imperative to weaken the dependent mentality of the IDPs by makingthem as far as possible empowered. So people in IDP camps should be encouraged toform their own organizational set-up (camp welfare committees) to organize their day-to-day requirement so that their dependent mentality that can be increased by anexcessive involvement of NGOs and INGOs can be gradually reduced. The CWCs candecide what the priority requirements of the camp are. NGOs and INGOs may providenecessary materials and services for the IDPs, but the way they are used should be in thehands of IDPs themselves.8.
It appears some camps are unmanageably large, (for example: Manik Farm). A divisionof large camps into smaller manageable units may be considered.
The Resettlement and Rehabilitation Tasks
IDPs have an absolute right to return back to their villages. So the period of time thatthey are kept in IDP camps should be minimised. As there is a possibility of the presenceof land mines in many villages, removal of mines should be given a priority. As theremay be villages that are free of land mines, those villages can be identified and the IDPswho came from those areas can be resettled soon. In this regard, it would be helpful inpreparing a resettlement map with a time-frame attached to it.10.
In case, the houses that the IDPs used to live were damaged as a consequence of the war,the state should take the responsibility of rebuilding the houses. As far as possible,reconstruction of houses and other public buildings (schools, dispensaries etc) should bedone with the participation and the supervision of respective owners. As proposed byMahinda Chinthanya, a compensation of Rs. 250,000 per family should be paid when theIDPs are resettled so that they could use that money as seed money in re-starting theirlife.11.
Parallel to the resettlement process, re-building of formal and informal local politico-cultural institutional structure should proceed. In this respect, the key institutions