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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 About SDCC
1.2 Open Source
1.3 Typographic conventions
1.4 Compatibility with previous versions
1.5 System Requirements
1.6 Other Resources
1.7 Wishes for the future
Installing SDCC
2.1 Configure Options
2.2 Install paths
2.3 Search Paths
2.4 Building SDCC
2.4.1 Building SDCC on Linux
2.4.2 Building SDCC on Mac OS X
2.4.3 Cross compiling SDCC on Linux for Windows
2.4.4 Building SDCC using Cygwin and Mingw32
2.4.5 Building SDCC Using Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0/NET (MSVC)
2.4.6 Windows Install Using a ZIP Package
2.4.7 Windows Install Using the Setup Program
2.4.8 VPATH feature
2.5 Building the Documentation
2.6 Reading the Documentation
2.7 Testing the SDCC Compiler
2.8 Install Trouble-shooting
2.8.1 If SDCC does not build correctly
2.8.2 What the ”./configure” does
2.8.3 What the ”make” does
2.8.4 What the ”make install” command does
2.9 Components of SDCC
2.9.1 sdcc - The Compiler
2.9.2 sdcpp - The C-Preprocessor
2.9.3 sdas, sdld - The Assemblers and Linkage Editors
2.9.4 s51 - The Simulator
2.9.5 sdcdb - Source Level Debugger
Using SDCC
3.1 Compiling
3.1.1 Single Source File Projects
3.1.2 Postprocessing the Intel Hex file
3.1.3 Projects with Multiple Source Files
3.1.4 Projects with Additional Libraries
3.1.5 Using sdcclib to Create and Manage Libraries
3.1.6 Using ar to Create and Manage Libraries
3.2 Command Line Options
3.2.1 Processor Selection Options
3.2.2 Preprocessor Options
3.2.3 Linker Options
3.2.4 MCS51 Options
3.2.5 DS390 / DS400 Options
3.2.6 Z80 Options
3.2.7 GBZ80 Options
3.2.8 Optimization Options
3.2.9 Other Options
3.2.10 Intermediate Dump Options
3.2.11 Redirecting output on Windows Shells
3.3 Environment variables
3.4 Storage Class Language Extensions
3.4.1 MCS51/DS390 Storage Class Language Extensions
3.4.1.1 data / near
3.4.1.2 xdata / far
3.4.1.3 idata
3.4.1.4 pdata
3.4.1.5 code
3.4.1.6 bit
3.4.1.7 sfr / sfr16 / sfr32 / sbit
3.4.1.8 Pointers to MCS51/DS390 specific memory spaces
3.4.1.9 Notes on MCS51 memory layout
3.4.2 Z80/Z180 Storage Class Language Extensions
3.4.2.1 sfr (in/out to 8-bit addresses)
3.4.2.2 banked sfr (in/out to 16-bit addresses)
3.4.2.3 sfr (in0/out0 to 8 bit addresses on Z180/HD64180)
3.4.3 HC08 Storage Class Language Extensions
3.4.3.1 data
3.4.3.2 xdata
3.5 Other SDCC language extensions
3.5.1 Binary constants
3.6 Absolute Addressing
3.7 Parameters & Local Variables
3.8 Overlaying
3.9 Interrupt Service Routines
3.9.1 General Information
3.9.1.1 Common interrupt pitfall: variable not declared volatile
3.9.1.2 Common interrupt pitfall: non-atomic access
3.9.1.3 Common interrupt pitfall: stack overflow
3.9.1.4 Common interrupt pitfall: use of non-reentrant functions
3.9.2 MCS51/DS390 Interrupt Service Routines
3.9.3 HC08 Interrupt Service Routines
3.9.4 Z80 Interrupt Service Routines
3.10 Enabling and Disabling Interrupts
3.10.1 Critical Functions and Critical Statements
3.10.2 Enabling and Disabling Interrupts directly
3.10.3 Semaphore locking (mcs51/ds390)
3.11 Functions using private register banks (mcs51/ds390)
3.12 Startup Code
3.12.1 MCS51/DS390 Startup Code
3.12.2 HC08 Startup Code
3.12.3 Z80 Startup Code
3.13 Inline Assembler Code
3.13.1 A Step by Step Introduction
3.13.2 Naked Functions
3.13.3 Use of Labels within Inline Assembler
3.14 Interfacing with Assembler Code
3.14.1 Global Registers used for Parameter Passing
3.14.2 Registers usage
3.14.3 Assembler Routine (non-reentrant)
3.14.4 Assembler Routine (reentrant)
3.15 int (16 bit) and long (32 bit) Support
3.16 Floating Point Support
3.17 Library Routines
3.17.1 Compiler support routines (_gptrget, _mulint etc.)
3.17.2 Stdclib functions (puts, printf, strcat etc.)
3.17.2.1 <stdio.h>
3.17.2.2 <malloc.h>
3.17.3 Math functions (sinf, powf, sqrtf etc.)
3.17.3.1 <math.h>
3.17.4 Other libraries
3.18 Memory Models
3.18.1 MCS51 Memory Models
3.18.1.1 Small, Medium and Large
3.18.1.2 External Stack
3.18.2 DS390 Memory Model
3.19 Pragmas
3.20 Defines Created by the Compiler
Notes on supported Processors
4.1 MCS51 variants
4.1.1 pdata access by SFR
4.1.2 Other Features available by SFR
4.1.3 Bankswitching
4.1.3.1 Hardware
4.1.3.2 Software
4.2 DS400 port
4.3 The Z80 and gbz80 port
4.4 The HC08 port
4.5 The PIC14 port
4.5.1 PIC Code Pages and Memory Banks
4.5.2 Adding New Devices to the Port
4.6.2.2 Optimization Options
4.6.2.3 Assembling Options
4.6.2.4 Linking Options
4.6.2.5 Debugging Options
4.6.3 Environment Variables
4.6.4 Preprocessor Macros
4.6.5 Directories
4.6.6 Pragmas
4.6.7 Header Files
4.6.8 Libraries
4.6.9 Adding New Devices to the Port
4.6.10 Memory Models
4.6.11 Stack
4.6.12 Functions
4.6.13 Function return values
4.6.14 Interrupts
4.6.15 Generic Pointers
4.6.16 PIC16 C Libraries
4.6.16.1 Standard I/O Streams
4.6.16.2 Printing functions
4.6.16.3 Signals
4.6.17 PIC16 Port – Tips
4.6.17.1 Stack size
4.6.18 Known Bugs
4.6.18.1 Extended Instruction Set
4.6.18.2 Regression Tests
Debugging
5.1 Debugging with SDCDB
5.1.1 Compiling for Debugging
5.1.2 How the Debugger Works
5.1.3 Starting the Debugger SDCDB
5.1.4 SDCDB Command Line Options
5.1.5 SDCDB Debugger Commands
5.1.6 Interfacing SDCDB with DDD
5.1.7 Interfacing SDCDB with XEmacs
6.1 Porting code from or to other compilers
6.2 Tools included in the distribution
6.3 Documentation included in the distribution
6.4 Communication online at SourceForge
6.5 Related open source tools
6.6 Related documentation / recommended reading
6.7 Application notes specifically for SDCC
6.8 Some Questions
Support
7.1 Reporting Bugs
7.2 Requesting Features
7.3 Submitting patches
7.4 Getting Help
7.5 ChangeLog
7.6 Subversion Source Code Repository
7.7 Release policy
7.8 Quality control
7.9 Examples
7.10 Use of SDCC in Education
SDCC Technical Data
8.1 Optimizations
8.1.1 Sub-expression Elimination
8.1.2 Dead-Code Elimination
8.1.3 Copy-Propagation
8.1.4 Loop Optimizations
8.1.5 Loop Reversing
8.1.6 Algebraic Simplifications
8.1.7 ’switch’ Statements
8.1.8 Bit-shifting Operations
8.1.9 Bit-rotation
8.1.10 Nibble and Byte Swapping
8.1.11 Highest Order Bit / Any Order Bit
8.1.12 Higher Order Byte / Higher Order Word
8.1.13 Peephole Optimizer
8.2 ANSI-Compliance
8.3 Cyclomatic Complexity
8.4 Retargetting for other Processors
Compiler internals
9.1 The anatomy of the compiler
9.2 A few words about basic block successors, predecessors and domina-
Acknowledgments
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sdccman

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Published by: duanlv89 on Sep 02, 2010
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