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Tutorial 1
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Problem 1

A batch of resistors that each have a nominal resistance of 330; are to be
tested and classified as ±5% and ±10% components. Calculate the
maximum and minimum absolute resistance for each case.

Solution:
Absolute resistance
330s 5 % = 330s 16.5;
330s 10% = 330s 33;

For ±5% components
Maximum : 330 + 16.5 = 346.5;
Minimum: 330 ± 16.5 =313.5;
For ±10% components
Maximum : 330 + 33 = 363;
Minimum: 330 ± 33 = 297;

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Problem 2

Three of the 330; resistors referred to inProblem 1 are connected in
series. One has a ±5% tolerance, and the other two are ±10%. Calculate
the maximum and minimum values of the total resistances.

Solution:
For X = A ± B,

error in X = ± [(error in A) + (error in B)]
( R1s (R1) + (R2s (R2 ) + ( R3s (R3 )
= ( R1 + R2 + R3 )s ((R1 +(R2 +(R3)
= ( 330s 5% ); +( 330s 10% ); + ( 330s 10% );
= (330 + 330 + 330)s (16.5 + 33 + 33);
= 990s 82.5;
RTmax= 990 + 82.5; = 1072.5;

and
RTmin = 990 - 82.5; = 907.5;
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