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Notes on French Literature

Notes on French Literature

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Published by Lady Mae Ramos
notes from Mr. Christopher Ronn Pagco, our teacher in WORLD LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION subject.
notes from Mr. Christopher Ronn Pagco, our teacher in WORLD LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION subject.

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Published by: Lady Mae Ramos on Sep 03, 2010
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07/21/2014

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French Literature
Presenter:Christopher Ronn Q. PagcoInstructor, Humanities
Discovering French Literature
It is considered one of the greatest literatures of all times.
In general, it is focused on national pride and national identity.
Most European literary movements originated from France.
 The Middle Ages (10
th
Century to 12
th
Century)
 The French Renaissance (1534 to 1500’s)
 The Victory of Classicism (17
th
Century to 1600’s)
 The French Enlightenment (18
th
Century to 1762)
 The 19
th
Century French Literature
 The 20
th
Century French Literature
The Middle Ages
10
th
Century – most writers used Latin in their works.
11
th
Century – literature in French emerged in the form of epics and poems.- The Chanson de Geste- Chanson of Roland was Written
12
th
Century – The Roman Courtois was written.
 The Middle Ages- Tristan and Iseult was written.- Chretien de Troyes was considered the greatest poet in this era.- Lais became very famous.- Marie de France was the most famous writer of Lais.- Roman de la Rose was written.- the Fabliaux became very famous.
 The Middle Ages- Fables were also famous.- Reynard the Fox- The Testament was written by Francois Villion
The French Renaissance
1534 – Francois Rabelai pioneered the rebirth in France through his work “Gargatua”
1500’s – the literature and though of antiquity was revived.- printed books became popular.- translation of ancient texts was encouraged.
 The French Renaissance- precise critical methods were developed.- Humanism was forged.- Protestantism emerged and competed with Catholicism.- Michel de Montaigne invented essay.- Pierre de Ronsard was considered the prince of Renaissance poets.
 The Victory of Classicism
17
th
Century – considered the Golden Age of Literature.- the reinforcement of royalty and the Catholic church was evident.
 
1635 – Cardinal Richelieu founded the “Academie Francaise”
1600’s – There was a faction between writers of baroque and classicism.
 The Victory of Classicism-Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux codified the components of French Classicism.- in his book, “Art of Poetry” (1674) he said that literary values must be reason,proportion, and harmony.- two great dramatists emerged in this period.- Pierre Corneille (The Cid)- Jean Racine (Andromache 1667 &
The Victory of Classicism
“Phaedra” (1667)- novels in this era were long, diffused, and filled with improbable adventures.
 The French Enlightenment
18
th
century – characterized by the scientific inquiry.- the French monarchy experienced decline in authority.- Pierre Bayle wrote “Dictionnaire Historique et Critique”
1700’s – Voltaire wrote “Dictionnaire Philisophique” (1764)
The French Enlightenment
- Charles de Montequieu wrote “The Spirit of the Laws”- Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote “The Social Contract”- Poetry in this century was characterized by thedesiccating influence of rationalanalysis.- Andre Chenier
The 19
th
Century French Literature
19
th
Century – characterized by the transition and triumph of the Romantic Movement thatstarted in the 18
th
Century.- poetry regained its strength as a literary genre.- novels dominated this era because of its suitability in registering Social Upheavals.
 The 19
th
Century French Literature- most of the themes in literary works were the conflicts between the Reactionariesand Liberals; The Church and the Anticlericals; and the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat.
1800’s – Vicomte de Chateaubriand wrote “The Beauties of Christianity” (1802)
 The 19
th
Century French Literature- Alphonse de Lamartine brought French poetry back to its lyric roots with“Meditations Potiques” (1802)- Theophile Gautier made the first break in Romanticism who has the credo “Art forArt’s Sake”- he announced the arrival of Parnassians.
 The 19
th
Century French Literature- Charles Baudelaire wrote “The Flowers of Evil” (1857)
1830-1850 – there were enormous changes inn terms of novels in the span of 50 years.- Madame George Sand exemplified romanticism in its most individualistic sense.
 The 19
th
Century French Literature- Stendhal injected the dominant role of passion in a romantic novel.- Victor Hugo evocated medieval parisian life, seen in his work “The Hunchback of Notre Dame” (1831)

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