UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE
RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL
SECTION 1: TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
Reference to the NRC means the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.Reference to the NCRP means the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Thisis the United States scientific organization that recommends standards for radiation protection.Reference to the ICRP means the International Commission on Radiological Protection. This scientificorganization provides guidance on the use of radiation sources and their properties.Reference to the State means the State of California and any of its agencies empowered to establish orenforce regulations regarding radiation and/or radioactive materials.Reference to the University means the University of California and to the Campus means the IrvineCampus.The abbreviation 10CFR20: Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Chapter 1, Part 20. For example:Paragraph 20.101 may be referred to as 10CFR20.101.The abbreviation 17CAC30100: California Administrative Code, Title 17, Section 30100. Othersections are referred to in a similar manner.Controlled Area: Any area to which access is controlled for purposes of radiation safety.ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable): The policy of maintaining radiation levels andexposures as low as reasonably achievable.Radiation Use Authorization (RUA): A permit, sometimes incorrectly referred to as a “license”,issued to an employee, usually a faculty member who is a principal investigator or a class instructor,by the Radiation Safety Committee, prescribing conditions for the use of radioactive material and/orradiation producing machines on campus.
Alpha Particle: A charged particle having a mass and charge equal in magnitude to a helium nucleus (acluster of two protons and two neutrons) that is emitted from the nucleus of an atom.Anemia: Deficiency of blood as a whole, or deficiency in hemoglobin or in the number of thered blood cells.