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Table Of Contents

Foreword
Acronyms
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Definition and historical evolution
1.2.1. Definition
1.2.2. Historical evolution
1.3. Specificities of UWB
1.4. Considered applications
1.5. Regulation evolution
1.5.1. Regulation in the USA
1.5.2. Regulation in Europe
1.5.3. Regulation in Asia
1.6. UWB communication system and standardization
1.6.1. Impulse radio
1.6.1.1. Pulse position modulation
1.6.1.2. Pulse amplitude modulation
1.6.2. Direct sequence UWB
1.6.3. Multiband OFDM
1.7. Conclusion
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Definition of the propagation channel
2.2.1. Free space propagation
2.2.2. Multipath propagation
2.2.3. Propagation channel variations
2.2.3.1. Spatial selectivity
2.2.3.2. Frequency selectivity
2.2.3.3. Doppler effect
2.3. Propagation channel representation
2.3.1. Mathematical formulation
2.3.2. Characterization of deterministic channels
2.3.2.1. The time varying impulse response
2.3.2.2. The frequency domain function
2.3.2.3. The time varying transfer function
2.3.2.4. The delay-Doppler spread function
2.3.3. Characterization of linear random channels
2.3.4. Channel classification
2.3.4.1. Wide sense stationary channels
2.3.4.2. Uncorrelated scattering channels
2.3.4.3. Wide sense stationary uncorrelated scattering channels
2.4. Channel characteristic parameters
2.4.1. Frequency selectivity
2.4.1.1. RMS delay spread
2.4.1.2. Coherence bandwidth
2.4.1.3. Delay window and delay interval
2.4.1.4. Exponential decay constants
2.4.1.5. Cluster and ray arrival rates
2.4.2. Propagation loss
2.4.3. Fast fading
2.4.4. Spectral analysis
2.5. Conclusion
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Specificity of UWB channel sounding
3.3. Measurement techniques for UWB channel sounding
3.3.1. Frequency domain techniques
3.3.1.1. Vector network analyzer
3.3.1.2. Chirp sounder
3.3.2. Time domain techniques
3.3.2.1. Pulsed techniques
3.3.2.2. Correlation measurements
3.3.2.3. Inversion techniques
3.3.3. Multiple-band time domain sounder for dynamic channels
3.3.3.1. Principle of multiple-band time domain sounding
3.3.3.2. Description of the SIMO channel sounder
3.3.3.3. Extension towards UWB
3.3.3.4. Experimental validation
3.4. UWB measurement campaigns
3.4.1. Overview of UWB measurement campaigns
3.4.2. Illustration of channel sounding experiments
3.4.2.2. Static measurement campaign over the 2–6 GHz band
3.5. Conclusion
Deterministic Modeling of the UWB Channel
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Overview of deterministic modeling
4.2.1. FDTD based approach
4.2.2. MoM based approach
4.2.3. Ray based approach
4.3. Specificity of deterministic modeling in UWB
4.4. Overview of UWB deterministic modeling
4.4.1. Qiu model
4.4.2. Yao model
4.4.3. Attiya model
4.4.4. Uguen and Tchoffo Talom model
4.5. Illustration of a deterministic model formalism
4.5.3. Ray channel matrix without delay
4.5.4. Described model results
4.5.4.1. Emitted waveform and considered scenario
4.5.4.3. Received signal with ideal antennas
4.7. Building material effects on channel properties
4.8.1. Evaluation of real antenna consideration
4.8.2. Evaluation of impulse response reconstruction
4.9. Conclusion
Statistical Modeling of the UWB Channel
5.1. Experimental characterization of channel parameters
5.1.1. Propagation loss
5.1.1.1. Frequency propagation loss
5.1.1.2. Distance propagation loss
5.1.2. Impulse response characterization
5.1.2.1. Delay spread
5.1.2.2. Power delay profile decay
5.1.2.3. Ray and cluster arrival rate
5.1.3. Study of small-scale channel variations
5.1.4. Effect of moving people
5.1.4.1. Observation of temporal variations
5.1.4.2. Slow fading
5.1.4.3. Fast fading
5.1.4.4. Spectral analysis
5.2. Statistical channel modeling
5.2.1. Examples of statistical models
5.2.1.1. IEEE 802.15.3a model
5.2.1.2. IEEE 802.15.4a model
5.2.1.3. Other models
5.2.2. Empirical modeling principles
5.2.2.1. Propagation loss model
5.2.2.4. Simulation results
5.3. Advanced modeling in a dynamic configuration
5.3.1. Space variation modeling
5.3.2. Modeling the effect of people
5.4. Conclusion
Baseband Representation of the Radio Channel
Statistical Distributions
B.1. Definition
B.1.1. Rayleigh distribution
B.1.2. Rice distribution
B.1.3. Nakagami distribution
B.1.4. Weibull distribution
B.1.5. Normal distribution
B.1.6. Log-normal distribution
B.1.7. Laplace distribution
B.2. Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness-of-fit test
C.1. Geometric optics
C.1.1. Introduction
C.1.2. Field locality principle
C.1.3. Field expression in geometric optics
C.1.4. Change of local basis
C.1.5. Incident field
C.1.6. Reflected field
C.1.7. Refracted and transmitted field
C.2. Uniform theory of diffraction
C.2.1. Introduction
C.2.2. Diffracted field
C.2.3. UTD 2D coefficient
C.2.4. UTD 3D coefficient
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Ultra-Wideband Radio Propagation Channels

Ultra-Wideband Radio Propagation Channels

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Published by: valdesc_tol on Sep 03, 2010
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04/21/2014

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