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Q
 Fifth letter of aNasdaqstock symbol specifying that it is inbankruptcy  proceedings.
QA
  The two-characterISO3166 country code for QATAR.
QAR
  TheISO4217 currency code for the Qatar Rial.
QQQQ
  The ticker for the PowerShares QQQ Trust, Series 1, anETFtraded ontheNasdaq Index. Formerly the Nasdaq-100 Trust, Series 1, this trustholds all the componentsecuritiesthat make up the Nasdaq and issuessecuritiescalled QQQ Index Tracking Stock that are designed to trackthe approximate performance of the Nasdaq Index.
Q ratio or Tobin's Q ratio
 Market valueof afirm's assetsdivided byreplacement valueof the firm's assets. Named after James Tobin of Yale University.
Quadratic programming
 Variant of linear programmingin which the objective function isquadratic rather than linear. Inportfolioselection, we often minimizethe variance of the portfolio (which is a quadratic function) subject toconstraints on themean returnof the portfolio.
Qualification period
 A period of time during the first few months or weeks of a new policywhen aninsurancecompany will not reimburse apolicyholderfor a claim in order to allow the insurance company time to find anyfraudulent information in the application.
Qualified Domestic Relations Order (QDRO)
 A judgment, decree, or order that gives apension planparticipantaccess to retirementassetsthat must be used to pay an ex-spouse ordependent children.
Qualified endorsement
 A signature on the back of anegotiable instrumenttransferring theamount to some other party but that includes wording that limits theendorser'sliability.
Qualified opinion
 Anauditor's opinionexpressing certain limitations of anaudit.
Qualified plan or trust
 Atax-deferred planallowing employer andemployee contributionsthat build up savings, which are paid out at retirement or on termination of employment. Tax is paid only when amounts are drawn from thetrust.
Qualified retirement plan
 Aretirementplan established by employers for their employees thatmeets the requirements of Internal Revenue CodeSection 401(a) or403(a) and is eligible for special tax considerations. The plan mayprovide for employer contributions, as in apensionorprofit-sharing  plan, as well as employeecontributions. Employers candeductplan
 
contributions made on behalf of eligible employees on the business'stax return as business expenses. Plan earnings are not taxed to theemployee until withdrawn.
Qualified Terminable Interest Property Trust (Q-TIP)
 Atrustthat allows a surviving spouse to receive income generatedfrom the trust, while the actual distribution of the trust'sassetsismade to otherbeneficiariessuch as thegrantor'schildren.
Qualified total distribution
 A payment representing an employee's interest in aqualified retirement plan. The payment must be prompted by retirement (orother separation from service), death, disability, or attainment of age59-1/2. Payment can be in installments as long as the completedistribution is made within a single tax year.
Qualifying annuity
Qualifying share
 Sharesof common stockthat a person must hold in order to qualify as a director of theissuing corporation.
Qualifying stock option
 A benefit granted by acorporationthat allows employees to purchasesharesat a discount price.
Qualitative analysis
 An analysis of the qualities of acompanythat cannot be measuredconcretely, such as management quality or employee morale.
Qualitative research
  Traditional analysis of firm-specificprospects for futureearnings. It may be based on data collected by the analysts, there is no formalquantitativeframework used to generate projections.
Quality of earnings
 Increasedearningsdue to increased sales and cost controls, ascompared to artificialprofitscreated byinflationof inventoryor other assetprices.
Quality option
Gives the seller choice of deliverables in Treasury bondand Treasury  note futures contracts. Also called theswap option. Related:Cheapest  to deliver issue.
Quant fund
A fund that uses quantitative approaches and computer models tomakeinvestmentdecisions as opposed to qualitative approaches likeopinion of fund managers.
Quantitative analysis
 A mathematical analysis of the measurable figures of acompany, suchas the value of assetsor projected sales. This type of analysis does notinclude a subjective assessment of the quality of management.
Quantitative easing
 
 
Amonetary policyin which thecentral bankengages inopen market  transactionsaimed at increasingmoney supplyin the economy. Easing could also involve direct money creation (printing).
Quantity risk 
 Occurs when the quantity of anassetto behedgedis uncertain.
Quality spread
Difference between Treasury securitiesand non-Treasury securitiesthat are identical in all respects except for quality rating. For instance,the difference betweenyieldson Treasuriesand those on single A- rated industrialbonds. Also calledcredit spread.
Quant
 A person with numerical and computer skills who carries outquantitative analysesof companies.
Quantize
  To convert anassetorliabilityinto acurrencyother than the regular tradingcurrency.
Quantitative research
 Use of advancedeconometricand mathematical valuation models toidentify thefirmswith the best possible prospectives. Antithesis of qualitative research.
Quanto swap
Quantos
 Currency optionswith a guaranteedexchange ratethat enable buyers who like anasset, Germanbondsfor example, but not the asset's pricing currency, to arrange payment in a different currency for a fee.
Quarter stock 
 Stockwith apar valueof $25 pershare.
Quarterly
 Occurring every three months.
Quarterly financing
 February 15, May 15, August 15 and November 15, or next workingdayofferingsof several "coupon"security issues.Quarterly issues  currently consist of a 3-yearnote, a 10-year note, and a 30-yearbond.  The Treasury sometimes offers additional amounts of outstanding long- term notesorbonds, rather than selling new security issues. See: Reopening.
Quasi-public corporation
 Acorporationthat is operated privately, but is supported by thegovernment in its operations and that oftentradedpublicly.
Quay
 A landing place or pier, usually of solid construction, where vesselsberth to load or unload cargo.
Quick assets
Quick ratio
 

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