Preservation of public parks and gardens To make sure that the urban or rural growth is systematic and planned Preparing guidelines for building construction Issuing Licenses for Trade activities Issuing and maintaining Birth and Death recordsApart from these the Local Self Government can deliver some discretionary functionsincluding educational, health, community and recreational services etc.In order to deliver the above duties, the Local Self Government have been given certain powers to earn revenues by levying certain taxes and fees. In addition to it, the StateGovernment also transfers some of its general revenues to the Local Self Government. Their main sources of is from taxes on construction and lands, taxes levied on people for water supply, and fee from trade license.
Chapter IIIEvolution of local self-government
A brief account of the evolution of local self-government in the country has undergonethrough time, and the extent to which the present system represents a departure from the past.
The Historical background
Local self-government, to borrow a phrase from Sydney Webb, is ³as old as the hills´.
Thiscan be more true of India than any other country of the world. There is sufficient
evidence toestablish the fact that the institution of local self-government is almost
pre-historic, and theconception of local self-government is indigenous to the Indian
soil. Municipal governmentshave flourished in India since times immemorial. While
empires rose and fell, village panchayats which formed an integral part of the nationallife, helped to preserve democratictraditions in social, cultural, economic and political
life, survived the onslaughts of centuriesof political upheavals and saved Indian
society from disintegration. The existence of local bodies in ancient India is a positive
proof of the inherent genius of our people to manage localaffairs efficiently and on a
decentralised basis. The decentralisation of power in the kingdomsof the Maurya and
the Gupta period was unique. Such a devolution of power was unknown to