AD HOC NETWORK:
Since the inception of wireless networkingthere have been two types of wireless networks: theinfrastructure network, including some local area networks (LANs), and the ad hoc network.
isLatin meaning "for this purpose." Ad hoc networks therefore refer to networks created for a particularpurpose. They are often created on-the-fly and for one-time or temporary use. Often, ad hoc networksare comprised of a group of workstations or other wireless devices which communicate directly witheach other to exchange information. Think of these connections as spontaneous networks, available towhomever is in a given area.
An ad hoc network is one where there are no access points passing information between participants. Infrastructure networks pass information through a central information hub whichcan be a hardware device or software on acomputer . Office networks, for example, generally usea server to which company workstations connect to receive their information. Ad hoc networks,on the other hand, do not go through a central information hub.Ad hoc networks are generally closed in that they do not connect to the Internet and are typicallycreated between participants. But, if one of the participants has a connection to a public or private network, this connection can be shared among other members of the ad hoc network.This will allow other users on the spontaneous ad hoc network to connect to the Internet as well.Ad hoc networks are common for portable video game systems like the Sony PSP or the Nintendo DS because they allow players to link to each other to play video games wirelessly.Some retail stores even create networks within them to allow customers to obtain new gamedemos via the store's own ad hoc network.An ad hoc network can be thought of as a peer-to-peer network for the wireless age. Peer-to-peer or workgroup style networks were used to create a network environment for early Windowscomputers. This allowed these early computers to connect to each other to exchange information,usually in a smaller office environment without the need for domains and the additionalmanagement andoverheadthat comes with them.
A wireless ad hoc network is a decentralized wireless network. The network is ad hoc because it doesnot rely on a preexisting infrastructure.A challenging research area in computer networks is ad hoc networks. These are defined to bespontaneous and totally autonomous networks. Many communication protocols (like routing, resourcessharing, ...) use broadcasting mechanism to diffuse or gather
1. An ad-hoc network is a local area network (LAN) that is built spontaneously as devicesconnect. Instead of relying on a base station to coordinate the flow of messages to each node inthe network, the individual network nodes forward packets to and from each other. In Latin,