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6563452-Topology

6563452-Topology

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Published by: nirav4042 on Sep 04, 2010
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bus topology
a linear bus topology consists of a main run of cable with a terminator at each end (seefig. 1). allnodes(file server, workstations, and peripherals) are connected to the linear cable.ethernetnetworks use a linear bus topology.in this topology network messages are sent to each terminal on the network - so if one of the ter minals breaks then the others are not affected. if you want to send a message fromcomputer a to computer b then all the computers will receive the message, however  because you have included computer b's address, only computer b will pick it up anddisplay it.
advantages of a linear bus topology
easy to connect a computer or peripheral to a linear bus.requires less cable length than a star topology.easy to implement and extendwell suited for temporary networks that must be set up in a hurrytypically the least cheapest topology to implementfailure of one station does not affect others
disadvantages of a linear bus topology
entire network shuts down if there is a break in the main cable.terminators are required at both ends of the backbone cable.difficult to identify the problem if the entire network shuts down.not meant to be used as a stand-alone solution in a large buildingdifficult to administer/troubleshootlimited cable length and number of stations1
 
 
a cable break can disable the entire network; no redundancymaintenance costs may be higher in the long run performance degrades as additional computers are added
star topology
a star topology is designed with eachnode(file server, workstations, and peripherals)connected directly to a central network hub.data on a star network passes through the hub or concentrator before continuing to itsdestination. the hub manages and controls all functions of the network. it also acts as arepeater for the data flow. this configuration is common withtwisted pair cable; however, it can also be used withcoaxial cableor fiber optic cable.
advantages of a star topology
easy to install and wire.no disruptions to the network then connecting or removing devices.easy to detect faults and to remove parts.easy to add new stationseasy to monitor and troubleshootcan accommodate different wiringeasy to add devices as the network expandsone cable failure does not bring down the entire network (resilience)hub provides centralised managementeasy to find device and cable problems2
 
 
can be upgraded to faster speedslots of support as it is the most used
disadvantages of a star topology
requires more cable length than a linear topology.if the hub fails, nodes attached are disabled.more expensive than linear bus topologies because of the cost of the hub.more cable required
ring topology
a
ring topology
consists of a set of stations connected serially by cable. in other words,it’s a circle or ring of computers. there are no terminated ends to the cable; the signaltravels around the circle in a clockwise direction. note that while this topology functionslogically as ring, it is physically wired as a star. each station on the ring has equal access but only one station can talk at a time.in contrast to the ‘passive’ topology of the bus, the ring employs an ‘
active’ 
topology.each station repeats or ’boosts’ the signal before passing it on to the next station.rings are normally implemented using twisted pair or fiber-optic cable.
advantages
of ring topology:growth of system has minimal impact on performance3

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