Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Hout Perception

Hout Perception

|Views: 69|Likes:
Credits to Prof. Marian Miguel
Credits to Prof. Marian Miguel

More info:

Published by: Edward Araneta Queipo on Sep 04, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Involves taking in of information, through the activity of oursense organs responding to external stimulation, followed bythe processing of that information to make sense of what wesee, hear, smell, taste and touch
 A discernment of the nature of objects, their position, shape,size, distance, scent, taste, texture and their meaning
Result when we interpret, organize and elaborate on the rawmaterials of sensation
Five perceptual systems
1. Visual Seeing2. Auditory Listening3. Haptic Touching4. Savor perceptualsystemSmelling and tasting5. Basic orientationalperceptual systemBalance, posture and position of the body and its movements
is the firstawareness of some outsidestimulus
is usually thechanged, biased, colored ordistorted by our unique set of experiences – the personalinterpretations of the realworld
Structuralists vs Gestalt Psychologists
: you addtogether hundreds of basicelements to form complexperceptions. You can work backward to break downperceptions into smaller andsmaller units or elements
Gestalt Psychologists
:our brains follow a set orrules that specify howindividual elements were tobe organized into ameaningful pattern
Gestalt Psychologists won the debate
Personal perceptual experiences
Forming perceptions involved more than adding andcombining elements. Our brains actually did follow a set of rules.
Least amount that can elicit a responsePoint in above in which a stimulus is perceived and belowwhich it is not perceivedDetermines when we first become aware of a stimulus
Gustav Fechner
absolute threshold
as thesmallest amount of stimulus energy that can be observedunder the same conditionsHowever, he found out that individual’s threshold was notabsolute and in fact, differed depending on the subject’salertness and test situation.
: intensity levelof a stimulus such that a person will have a 50% chance of detecting it
Subliminal stimulus
Has an intensity that gives the person a less than 50%chance of detecting it
JND refers to the smallest increase or decrease in theintensity of a stimulus that a person is able to detect
Weber’s Law
The increase in intensity of a stimulus needed to produce aJND grows in proportion to the intensity of the initial stimulus
100% chance of hearing messageAbsolute threshold:50% chance of hearing messageSubliminal stimulus:0-49% chance of hearing messageIncreasing intensity
Higher intensities: you need a largerdifference to detect JNDLower intensities: you need onlysmall differences to detect JND
Identified by Gestalt PsychologistsSpecified how our brains combine and organize individualpieces or elements into a meaningful perception
We automatically distinguish between a subject and itsbackground. The figure will stand out more than thebackground
We tend to organize stimuli that appear similar, even if there isno relationship.
We tend to "finish" items to make a shape, even if those partswe "finish" aren't actually drawn in.
When processing items, we tend to group them based on howclose they are to other objects. In a series of dots, instead of seeing them as individual dots, we might see them as onegroup of four, one group of five and so on if there is spacebetween them.
We initially see things in the simplest way possible. Afterfurther review, we may see things more clearly. Think any typeof visual illusion that may have two ways to see it
We tend to see things in a constant flow, even if they do notgo together. We look for constancy in most things.
Refers to our tendency to perceive sizes, shapes, brightness,and colors as remaining the same even though their physicalcharacteristics are constantly changing
Size constancy
Our tendency to perceive objects as remaining the same sizeeven when their images on the retina are continually growingor shrinking
Shape constancy
Our tendency to perceive an object as retaining its same shapeeven though when you view it from different angels its shapeis continually changing its image on the retina
Brightness and color constancy
Brightness constancy
: Our tendency to perceive brightness asremaining the same in changing illumination
Color constancy
: Our tendency to perceive objects asremaining stable despite differences in lighting
Refers to the ability of your eye and brain to add a thirddimension, depth, to all visual perceptions, even thoughimages projected on the retina are only two dimensions, heightand width.
Produced by signals from a single eye. Monocular cues mostcommonly arise from the way objects are arranged in theenvironment.
Linear Perspective
Results as parallel lines come together, or converge, in thedistance
Relative size
Results when we expect two objects to be the same size andthey are not. In that case, the larger of the two objects willappear closer and the smaller will appear farther away
When images overlap, they appear to be of different depths,with the figure at the front being the closest
Light and shadow
Brightly lit objects appear closer, while objects in shadowsappear farther away
Texture Gradient
 Areas with sharp, detailed texture are interpreted as beingcloser, and those with less sharpness and poorer detail areperceived as more distant
 Atmospheric Perspective
We perceive clearer objects as being nearer and perceive hazyor cloudy objects as being farther away
Motion parallax
We perceive objects that appear to be moving at high speed ascloser to us than those moving more slowly or appearingstationary
Produced by signals from both eyes. Binocular cues operatebecause our brain receives two views of the visual world, onefrom each eye.
Perception based on signals sent from muscles that turn theeyes. To focus on near or approaching objects, these musclesturn the eyes inward, toward the nose. The brain uses thesignals sent by these muscles to determine the distance of theobject

Activity (14)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
Patrick ⎝⎲⏝⏝⎲⎠ Malihan liked this
Bene Balangue liked this
Dominic Ian Y. Dizon liked this
Princess Jackelyn Demot Cristobal liked this
Edward Araneta Queipo liked this
Gracielle Espiritu liked this
Anix Calvo liked this
Akosidaniel liked this
Keena Mae Tan liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->