Department o Economic and Social Afairs
Te Department o Economic and Social Afairs o the United Nations Secretariatis a vital interace between global policies in the economic, social and environmentalspheres and national action. Te Department works in three main interlinked areas:(i) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range o economic, social and environ-mental data and inormation on which States Members o the United Nations draw to review common problems and to take stock o policy options; (ii) it acilitates thenegotiations o Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint courses o action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises interestedGovernments on the ways and means o translation policy rameworks developed inUnited Nations conerences and summits into programmes at the country level and,through technical assistance, helps build national capacities.
Te designations employed and the presentation o the material in the presentpublication do not imply the expression o any opinion whatsoever on the part o the Secretariat o the United Nations concerning the legal status o any country or territory or o its authorities, or concerning the delimitations o its rontiers.Te term “country” as used in the text o this report also reers, as appropriate,to territories or areas.Te designations o country groups in the text and the tables are intended solely or statistical or analytical convenience and do not necessarily express a judge-ment about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the developmentprocess.Mention o the names o rms and commercial products does not imply theendorsement o the United Nations.Symbols o United Nations documents are composed o capital letters combined with gures.S/ESA/324United Nations publicationSales No. E.09.IV.10ISBN 978-92-1-130278-3Copyright © United Nations, 2009 All rights reserved