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Nuclear Reactors

Nuclear Reactors

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Published by Himanshu C. Reddy

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Published by: Himanshu C. Reddy on Sep 05, 2010
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10/30/2011

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 NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNLOGY,CALICUT
 
 Nuclear Reactors
Energy Technology
Himanshu C. ReddyB070319EC
 
2
 
Table of Contents
Introduction
 
.............................................................................................................................................
 
4
 
 Nuclear Power 
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
5
 
History
 
................................................................................................................................................
 
5
 
 Nuclear Fusion
 
........................................................................................................................................
 
7
 
Production Methods
 
............................................................................................................................
 
8
 
Muon-catalyzed fusion
 
....................................................................................................................
 
8
 
Generally cold, locally hot fusion
 
...................................................................................................
 
8
 
Hot fusion
........................................................................................................................................
 
8
 
 Nuclear Fission
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
10
 
Mechanics
 
.........................................................................................................................................
 
10
 
Energytics
 
.........................................................................................................................................
 
11
 
Product Nuclei and Binding Energy
 
.................................................................................................
 
12
 
Chain Reaction
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
12
 
 Nuclear Reactors
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
14
 
How It Works
 
....................................................................................................................................
 
14
 
Fission
 
...........................................................................................................................................
 
14
 
Heat Generation
 
............................................................................................................................
 
15
 
Cooling
 
..........................................................................................................................................
 
15
 
Reactivity Control
 
.........................................................................................................................
 
15
 
Electrical Power Generation
 
.........................................................................................................
 
16
 
Components in a Nuclear Reactor 
 
....................................................................................................
 
16
 
 Nuclear Fuel
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
16
 
 Nuclear Reactor Core
 
....................................................................................................................
 
16
 
 Neutron Moderator 
 
........................................................................................................................
 
17
 
 Neutron Poison
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
17
 
Coolant
 
..........................................................................................................................................
 
17
 
Control Rods
 
.................................................................................................................................
 
18
 
Reactor Vessel
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
18
 
Boiler Feed-Water Pump
 
..............................................................................................................
 
18
 
Steam Generator 
 
............................................................................................................................
 
18
 
Steam Turbine
 
...............................................................................................................................
 
19
 
Electrical Generator 
 
......................................................................................................................
 
19
 
Surface Condensers
 
.......................................................................................................................
 
19
 
 
3
 
Cooling Tower 
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
20
 
Spent Fuel Pool
 
.............................................................................................................................
 
20
 
Containment Building
 
...................................................................................................................
 
20
 
Control Room
................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Classification of Reactor Types
 
........................................................................................................
 
22
 
Classification by Nuclear Reaction type
 
.......................................................................................
 
22
 
Classification by Moderator Material
 
...........................................................................................
 
23
 
Classification by Coolant
 
..............................................................................................................
 
23
 
Classification by Generation
 
.........................................................................................................
 
25
 
Classification by Phase of Fuel
 
.....................................................................................................
 
25
 
Classification by Use
 
....................................................................................................................
 
25
 
Current Technologies
 
........................................................................................................................
 
26
 
Future and Developing Technologies
 
...............................................................................................
 
30
 
Advanced Reactors
 
.......................................................................................................................
 
30
 
Generation IV Reactors
 
.................................................................................................................
 
31
 
Generation V Reactors
 
..................................................................................................................
 
32
 
Fusion Reactors
 
.............................................................................................................................
 
32
 
 Nuclear Fuel Cycle
 
...........................................................................................................................
 
33
 
Fuelling of Nuclear Reactors
 
........................................................................................................
 
34
 
 Nuclear Power in India
 
.........................................................................................................................
 
35
 
 Nuclear Power Plants in India
 
...........................................................................................................
 
36
 
Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy
 
..............................................................................
 
39
 
Advantages
 
........................................................................................................................................
 
39
 
Disadvantages
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
39
 
Conclusion
 
............................................................................................................................................
 
40
 
References
 
............................................................................................................................................
 
41
 

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