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How to Prepare a Legal Citation

How to Prepare a Legal Citation

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Published by Lawrence Villamar
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Published by: Lawrence Villamar on Sep 05, 2010
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04/14/2013

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HOW TO PREPARE A LEGAL CITATION 
I. PRIMARY SOURCES A. COURT DECISIONS 1. Case Names a. General Rule 
Cite cases by giving the surname of the parties, the volume, thetitle and page of reports, and the year of promulgation in parenthesis. Abbreviate versus or contra as “v.” When used in the text, underscorethe title of the case. If printed, italicize. Place the source or citation inthe footnote. 
Example:  
 Ariaga v. Javellana, 92 Phil. 330 (1952) If two or more actions are consolidated in one decision, cite onlythe first listed. 
b. Exceptions 
1. Cite Islamic and Chinese names in full. As to those with Christian fullnames, follow the general rule. 
Examples:  
Lim Sian Tek v. Ladislao Una Kibad v. Commission on Elections 
(Note: The reason why Chinese and Islamic names are spelled out in full is that there are many similar names in Chinese aggravated by the absence of a middle name or middle initial, to distinguish one  person from the other. 
2. Cite Compound names in full. 
 
Examples:  
People v. De la Cruz  Abad Santos v. Auditor General Galeos-Valdehuesa v. Republic3. Always cite names of Corporations, associations, business firmsand partnership in full. Words forming such parts may be abbreviated,except the first word. 
Examples:  
Mata v. Rita Legarda, Inc.  Allied Workers Ass’n of the Phil. V. Republic Trading Corp. However, if one of the parties is a partnership, do not omit anyportion of the partnership name. 
WRONG:
Cruz v. Merill, Lynch. 
RIGHT:
Cruz v. Merill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner, & Smith, Inc. Likewise, omit alternative names given for any party such as atrade name under which the party conducts business. 
WRONG:
Wilson U. Ng doing business and style as CompactBlockbuster Video, Inc. v. Juan de la Cruz 
RIGHT:
Ng v. De la Cruz In special proceedings, “Estate of,” “Intestate of” and “Will of” arenot considered procedural phrases, but are part of the case name. Donot omit these terms. 
WRONG:
In re Le Liong 
RIGHT:
Intestate Estate of Le Liong v. Ang Chia, L-3342, April 18,1951 
 
4.Cite cases involving the Government of the Philippines and criminalcases as follows: Government v. _______; Commonwealth v. _______;Republic v. _______; U.S. v. _______;People v. _______; depending upon the title of the case. 
Examples:  
Government v. AbadinasRepublic v. CarpinCommonwealth v. CorominasU.S. v. JaranillaPeople v. Santos5. Cite cases involving public offices or officers as follows: 
a.
Where the person is named in his official capacity, give thename of the person only. 
Examples: 
City of Manila v. Subido not Coty of Manila v. Subido, in hiscapacity as Civil Service Commisioner  Gonzales v. Hechanova not Gonzales v. ExecutiveSecretary b. Where the office is named, give the complete name of theoffice. 
Examples:  
Collector of Internal Revenue v. Tan Eng Hong Chief of Phil. Constabulary v. Sabungan Bagong Silangan 6. Always cite Municipality of _____, City of _____, Province of _____ asthey appear in the decisions. 
Examples:  

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