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Vibration

Vibration

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Published by: pothusothu on Sep 05, 2010
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06/09/2013

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Vibration & Re-vibration
By
[Amr Mohamed Ismail][Benha Higher Institute of Technology][3
rd
Civil Engineering DEP]
 
Benha Higher Institute of Technology
Quality Control
Amr Ismail 
 
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1""VIBRATION"" #1.1-
 
INTRODUCTION
21.2-
 
T
HE EFFECT OF VIBRATION
3
 
1.3-
 
HOW DO VIBRATORS WORK
41.4-
 
FACTORS TO CONSIDER SELECTING METHOD OF VIBRATING
41.5-
 
METHODS OF COMPACTION
41.5.1-
HAND COMPACTION
51.5.2-
COMAPCTION BY VIBRATION
61.5.3-
INTERNAL VIBRATOR
71.5.4-
TABLE VIBRATOR
111.5.5-
PLARFORM VIBRATOR
131.5.6-
SURFACE VIBRATOR
131.5.7-
COMPACTION BY PRESSURE AND JOLTING
131.5.8-
COMPACTION BY SPINNING
141.6-
CONDITIONS OF VIBRATIONS
141.6.1-
EFFECT OF TIME AND TEMPERATURE
141.6.2-
EFFECT OF DELAY IN PLACING
161.6.3-
HIGH CONCRETE LAYER
171.6.4-
DURATION OF VIBRATION
171.6.5-
VIBRATING CONCRETE ANT JUNCTIONS WITH HARDENED CONCRETE
181.6.6-
VIBRATING WITH THE REINFORCED CONCRETE
181.6.7-
VIBRATING NEAR THE FORM WORK
181.6.8-
VIBRATING HIGH WALLS AND COLUMNS
191.6.9-
 
U
NDER
-
VIBRATIONS AND
O
VER
-
VIBRATIONS
19CHAPTER 2"" RE-VIBRATION"" #2.1-
 
I
NTRODUCTION
202.2-
 
M
ECHANISM OF RE
-
VIBRATION OF CONCRETE
212.3-
RE
-
VIBRATION BENFITS
212.4-
RE
-
VIBRATION FACTORS
222.4.1-
RE
-
VIBRATION IN DIFFERENT W
 / 
C
222.4.2-
RE
-
VIBRATION IN DIFFERENT CONCRETE TYPES
262.4.3-
RE
-
VIBRATION IN DIFFERENT CONCRETE AGES
292.5-
ECONOMY OF PROBLEM
30REFERNCES 31
 
Benha Higher Institute of Technology
Quality Control
Amr Ismail 
 
2
1.1-INTRODUCTION
Compaction is the process which expels entrapped air from freshly placed concreteand packs the aggregate particles together so as to increase the density of concrete. Itincreases significantly the ultimate strength of concrete and enhances the bond withreinforcement. It also increases the abrasion resistance and general durability of theconcrete, decreases the permeability and helps to minimize its shrinkage-and-creepcharacteristics. Proper compaction also ensures that the formwork is completely filled -ie there are no pockets of Honeycombed material
 –
and that the required finish isobtained on vertical surfaces. When first placed in the form, normal concretes,excluding those with very low or very high slumps will contain between
5%
and
20%
byvolume of entrapped air. The amount varies according to the type of mix and its slump,the placement method, form size, and the amount of reinforcing steel used. . Theaggregate particles, although coated with mortar, tend to arch against one another andare prevented from slumping or consolidating by internal friction.Compaction of concrete is, therefore, a two-stage process
Figure 1
. First the aggregateparticles are set in motion and slump to fill the form giving a level top surface. In thesecond stage, entrapped air is expelled. It is important to recognize the two stages in thecompaction process because, with vibration, initial consolidation of the concrete canoften be achieved relatively quickly. The concrete liquefies and the surface levels, givingthe impression that the concrete is compacted. Entrapped air takes a little longer to riseto the surface. Compaction must therefore be prolonged until this is accomplished, ieuntil air bubbles no longer appear on the surface

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