(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 5, 2010
Sample texts in BrailleBe kind to othersFigure 3. Example for Braille to EnglishFigure 4. Letters, Numerals and Special symbols of Braille
B. Use of Braille with computer technology
The recent development of personal computers has broughtnew benefits to Braille users that have access to them.Computerized Braille translation is one of these benefits, butit is not a straightforward process because of the complexitiesof Braille construction.
Difficulties of computer Braille translation:
Construction makes Braille translation difficult. Without it,Braille translation would be a relatively text characters toBraille cells. Each language (English, French) would need itsown unique mapping dictionary, but the operation would betrivial. Contraction greatly increases complexity, so computertranslation is generally difficult. For example, in German,there are many words that are formed from the concatenationof other words, similar to the English.
Justification of computer Braille translation:
Braille has come under attack in recent years, with studiesshowing decreasing usage due to changing patterns of education. Alternative technologies, like speech synthesis,now exist for many of its applications. It can be safelyassumed that sighted people will use without complexity, butit is difficult for partially sighted or blind. There arefundamental reasons for continuing with Braille.
Reading and writing Braille code is a form of literacy:
Literacy is a vital component of modern knowledge andsociety, and Braille code permits literacy for blind people.Using audio only technology denies literacy to Braille users.
Braille code is silent:
Alternative technologies to Braille may not be useful in allcircumstances. A speech synthesizer and speech interpreterforbid complete privacy and intrude on the localenvironment. This would not be appropriate in, for example,an office environment.
Braille code is accurate in reading:
Speech synthesis is an alternative method to Braille codeconversion. it may introduce different meanings. Problemswill arise from words not known to the synthesizer, miss-spelt words, or with words pronounced differently accordingto context Reading straight from the text removes apotential source of error.
Braille code allows interpretation of the text by thereader, not by another:
Any reader who wishes to interpret a text themselves – anactor, or a reader for pleasure – may want to form their owninterpretation of a text, not be forced into that of a wronglogic in computer program or particular actor. In accuraciesin interpretation may be possible.
Braille code is cheaper than computer technology
The mechanism to produce Braille vibration signal andproduce Blind can understand the communication to theworld very easily and it is new communication path for blindpersons.
RAILLE CODE TRANSLATION MECHANISM
With the profitable commercialization of several publictranslators the number of approaches available for study inthe public realm has decreased. Approaches have inclined tobe based around the use of dictionaries of specifictranslations and limited rule systems because of the trade-off between translation rule numbers and accuracy. The ruleswork with a ‘window’ of the input text that can potentially betranslated, and examine the context to the right of thewindow to see a rule is correct to determine whether thewindow is in the middle or end of a word. A finite statemachine determines whether the translation is performed.This may be still the basis for commercial products, but theyhave ceased to be published in the public domain.