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Chapter 3gov

Chapter 3gov



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Published by: InactiveAccount on Jun 29, 2008
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CHAPTER 3FederalismMultiple Choice questions
1. Woodrow Wilson held that the question of the relationship between the national and state governments.e. could not be answered by a single generation.2. The concept of separate, sovereign national and state governments is known asd. federalism.3. Which of the following countries does not have a federal system of government? b. Great Britain4. Which of the following allows national governments the right to alter or even abolish local government?c. A unitary system5. Ukraine, formerly one of the Soviet republics, had its own local unit of government, yet the Soviet Union was not considered a federal system.This is because, in the former Soviet Union,a. local governments were not independent of the central government.6. One of the reasons that our local governments are independent of the national government isc. the commitment of Americans to the ideal of local government.7. At a time when other Western nations were debating whether government ought to provide pensions or regulate business, the question in theUnited States wasc. whether the national government had the right to do these things.8. In the United States, programs such as the interstate highway system and services to the unemployed are most accurately considerede. state functions, although the federal government seeks to regulate them.9. Which of the following systems of government would be most likely to appeal to those in the United States who wish to implement liberal policies in the nation but who encounter resistance from conservative state legislatures?d. Unitary10. An interest group with a strong following in only one region of the country would have the best chance to achieve its goals under what type of system?c. Federal11. A unitary form of government is most likely to appear preferable in the view of a. liberal U.S. senators facing conservative state legislatures.12. Under a unitary system of government, which of the following political outcomes would be highly unlikely?c. Senators from a particular region of the country blocking the passage of major civil rights legislation13. The cost of political participation to the average U.S. citizen is less than that to the average French citizen because, in the United States,a. more small, political constituencies are found than in France.14. Perhaps the most obvious effect of federalism in the United States has been toe. mobilize political activity.15. For the Founders, federalism was a device toa. protect liberty16. The government in the South during the Civil War was called a confederacy. A true confederacy differs from the federalist system of theUnited States in that ita. grants more sovereignty to the individual states.17. Madison’s description of federalism in Federalist 46 suggests there should be little concern over conflicts between the federal and stategovernments becaused. they are different agents with different powers.18. Which of the following statements about the federal system adopted at the Constitutional Convention is most accurate?c. It granted supreme authority to neither national nor state government.19. The Founders did not include in the U.S. Constitution an explicit statement of state powers but added it later in the.c. Tenth Amendment.20. The reason a statement specific to state powers was not part of the original U.S. Constitution was thate. it was assumed to be obvious.21. Just what sort of commerce Congress could regulate between the states was not spelled out in the U.S. Constitution because
a. no consensus existed.22. In Federalist 45, Madison describes the powers of state governments as b. numerous and indefinite.23. Which statement best summarizes Madison’s view of federalism?c. He was first an ardent supporter of national supremacy, then of state’s rights.24. Applying the principles of Thomas Jefferson to current political issues would probably dispose one toa. favor the decentralization of government power.25. The Civil War settled one part of the issue of national supremacy versus states’ rights, namely, thatc. the national government derives its sovereignty from the people.26. The early chief justice whose decisions generally gave the broadest possible sweep to federal powers was.c. John Marshall.27. The McCulloch v. Maryland decision establishedc. national government supremacy over the states.28. In McCulloch v. Maryland, if the Supreme Court reached the opposite conclusion on the right of Congress to charter a bank, the bank wouldhave been b. declared unconstitutional.29. The basic assumption of Marshall’s opinion in the McCulloch case was that the Constitution b. was established by the people.30. An important outcome of Marshall’s ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) was toe. confirm the supremacy of the federal government in the exercise of the constitutional powers granted to Congress.31. During the battle over slavery, the case for nullification was forcefully presented by.d. John C. Calhoun.32. The doctrine of nullification refers to b. the claimed authority of the states to declare a federal law void for violating the U.S. Constitution.33. The doctrine of dual federalism grew out of a protracted debate on the subject of a. commerce..34. Most forms of economic activity are now included under. b. interstate commerce35. According to the text, the Supreme Court has generally excluded ________ from many of the restrictions addressed in commerce clausecases.a. baseball players36. The interstate commerce that the federal government can regulate is now interpreted to includea. almost any kind of economic activity37. The text concludes that it would be a mistake to conclude that the doctrine of dual federalism isa. entirely dead.38. By ruling that the government cannot require local police to conduct background checks on all gun purchases, the Court held that to do sowould be a violation of the __________ Amendment.c. Tenth.39. Under their police powers, states can enact and enforce all of the following except:e. The regulation of interstate commerce40. This is a procedure that enables voters to reject a measure adopted by the legislature. b. Referendum41. This procedure in effect in about one-third of the states permits voters to remove an elected official from office.c. Recall42. The Tidelands oil reserves case was an example of the national government’s deciding thatc. it was better to cede to the states a power that legally belonged to Washington.43. According to the text, the grant-in-aid system grew rapidly because it helped state and local officials resolve what dilemma?
a. How to get federal money into state hands without violating the U.S. Constitution44. Which of the following was not one of the reasons federal grants were attractive to state officials? b. Passage of the Fifteenth Amendment45. The first form of grant-in-aid to the states made by the federal government to the state governments was that of e. land grants.46. When North Dakota received over one million dollars to purchase biomedical suits and other equipment to deal with weapons of massdestruction, it highlighted the fact that b. when Washington wants to send money to one state or congressional district, it must send money to many states and districts.47. Federal officials’ perceptions of national needs came to dominate the allocation of federal grants in thee. 1960s and 1970s.48. While gleefully accepting federal grants with no apparent strings, state governors were disregarding which fundamental axiom of politics?a. There’s no such thing as a free lunch.49. In the 1960s and 1970s, federal grants to states were increasingly based ond. what federal officials perceived to be national needs.50. Between 1960 and 2001, the category of federal grant that decreased most as a percentage of all grants wasd. transportation and highways.51. The term intergovernmental lobby is used in the text to refer to lobbying activities bya. state and local officials at the national government.52. An example of an intergovernmental lobby would be a lobby comprisinga. local police chiefs.53. A categorical grant is a transfer of federal funds designed for a. the private sector.e. specific purposes.54. A block grant is essentially a b. group of categorical or project grants.55. Block grants were designed to remedy a common criticism of categorical grants, namely,c. the difficulty of adapting categorical grants to local needs.56. Federal grants over which local officials have wide discretion are calledd. revenue-sharing funds.57. According to the text, both revenue sharing and block grants have enjoyed only marginal success, in part becausea. the federal government steadily increased the number of strings attached to such grants.58. Between 1993 and 1995, the entire growth in federal grants to state and local governments was ine. categorical grants.59. Political maneuvering and lobbying by local officials will probably be greatest when what type of federal money is involved?d. A categorical grant60. Categorical grants are supervised byc. special committees of Congress.61. What types of federal funds are most likely to be critical for an agency that depends on the federal government for its existence?a. Categorical grants62. One reason why revenue sharing has proved unsuccessful as a means of distributing federal money to local governments is because ita. lacks strong local political support.63. The type of locally distributed federal money that would be most affected by changes in population and distribution formulas isc. revenue sharing.64. When a locality is required by federal law to do something, regardless of whether it receives federal funding for that purpose, this duty iscalled a b. mandate.65. The difference between a mandate and a condition of aid is that

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