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Methodology

Methodology

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Published by roysuparna
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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: roysuparna on Sep 05, 2010
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10/25/2010

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Methodology
At first the sample was taken in a beaker. Then the water isheated and evaporated up to 1/4
th
of the sample. Now the sampleis ready to check the presence of arsenic in the sampled water.Arsenic is insoluble in conc. HCL at room temp. & is unactedupon by cold diluted H
2
SO
4
. Therefore, Marsh·s testis performedwith the sample. In this test hydrogen evolving gas generatingapparatus is attached to the sampled water taken in a beaker .By the action of nascent Hydrogen reduced to Arsenic hydride,AsH
3 ,
or ArsineAs
2
O
3
+ 12H = 3H
2
O + 2AsH
3
 As
2
S
5
+ 16H = 5H
2
S + 2AsH
3
 Zinc (arsenic free) and sulphuric acid (also pure and free fromarsenic) are used to produce nascent hydrogen. This test isextremely delicate & used for detecting very small amount of arsenic, for instance, in case of poisoning. The gas AsH
3
isextremely poisonous & so we have done the experiment very carefully.A piece of hard glass test tube with a few constrictions isattached to the delivery tube of the gas-generating apparatuswith a piece of rubber tubing. Zn & diluted H
2
So
4
is then taken inthe apparatus & the hydrogen evolved is allowed to pass out for afew minutes. Now the hard glass test tube through which AsH3 ispassing is heated by Bunsen burner. Thus AsH
3
is decomposed &a brownish black mirror of arsenic is deposited on the heatedpart of the tube.
 
 Then passing the gaseous AsH3 thorugh a dilute solution of AgNo3, with some drops of HNo3, a black ppt. of metallic silver isformed.AsH
3
+ 6AgNo
3
+ 3H
2
O = 6Ag + H
3
AsO
3
+ 6HNO
3
Another test is performed for confirmation of presence of arsenicin sample water. To continue the next experiment, a strip of fresh copper foil isadded in the acidific solution of the sample & the solution iswarmed. Thus the copper strip became coated with a dark grey deposit of Cu
5
As
2
. To confirm arsenic, the copper strip with thegrey deposit is washed. Then it is dried by filter paper. After that,the copperstrip has been taken in a dry hard glass test tube &heated when white sublimate of As
2
O
3
is obtained.
 
 
Samp
ling
 
Samp
ling :
The method of collection of a sample of concernedfrom a statistical population is called sampling.
Ty
p
e of 
Samp
le :
 Grab Sample : A sample which is collected at a particular instantfrom a particular location is called grab sample. Therefore,analysis of a grab sample represents the conditions prevailing atthat particular location at that particular time point only & not atany other time points.Composite Sample : A sample which is a mixture or mixture of more than grab samples collected from same locations atdifferent time points is known as composite sample.
V
ar
ious s
amp
le collected
p
l
a
ces
ar
e given below :
1) From Dwakhineshwar at 2:30pm on 02/08/20102)From tubewell of local area at 3.00pm on 03/08/20103)4)5)
D
a
te of 
Samp
le An
a
lysis :-
 10/08/2010
Pl
a
ce of 
Samp
le An
a
lysis :

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