replaced. The standby switcher isphysically smaller, and has lower power handling capabilities than the mainswitcher, but it is driven by the sameDriver
as the main switcher. Therefore,if the standby switcher is running theDriver IC is likely OK. The shutdowncondition is caused by something elsethat preventing the Driver IC fromsupplying a control signal to the mainswitching transistor.If the standby supply voltage is correct,but the main SMPS is still not operating,
move on to step
Substitute For The Main Load
An important step in troubleshootingSMPS problems is to separate the SMPSoutput from the rest of the chassis. Thishelps you determine if the shut downsupply symptom is due to the SMPSsupply itself, or if the symptom is due toan outboard circuit or load. (A similar procedure is given in Tech Tip
for isolating problems to the SMPS or external circuitry).Most PWM SMPS will not operate withoutan adequate load current. Therefore youcan not simply disconnect the loads.Instead, most manufacturers recommendreplacing the main load with a light bulbthat has approximately the same wattagerating. The light bulb provides currentlimiting and provides a suitable, constant
load for the SMPS.
load is the output of theSMPS that contains the feedback divider network. In a television receiver or
3: Use a
bulb as a
output of the SMPS. Disconnect the
load, then connect
the feedback takeoff point.
monitor this is the output that powers thecollector of the horizontal outputtransistor. By substituting for this loadyou effectively disable the safetyshutdown controls that come from the
The size of bulb you use depends on theload you are substituting. For example, if you are substituting for the load on the
supply in a television receiver
or monitor, use a standard 60 watt, 120VAC light bulb. If you are substituting for the 15 volt
output in a VCR supply, usea 12 or 18 volt bulb.You will need to open the circuit path toremove the normal load. Make sure tobreak the circuit after the feedback takeoff point. Removing the horizontal outputtransistor in a television or monitor willbreak the circuit, but do not connect thebulb in place of the horizontal outputtransistor. The primary of theflyback isnot designed to handle a continuouscurrent. Connect the light ahead of the
primary, as shown in Figure 3.
After you substitute for the load, you willsee one of four conditions when you turn
on the SMPS:
Bulb lights and measured voltage isnormal
This means that the SMPS is working
properly. Something external to the SMPS
is causing the shutdown. Possibilitiesinclude excessive HV, excessive currentdraw by one of the loads, or a defectivesafety circuit.
Light bulb doesn’t light (SMPS doesn’tstart)
Light comes on but goes out (SMPSstarts but goes into shutdown)
Light is very bright (indicates possible
These last three conditions indicate thatsomething is wrong with the SMPS.Continue with the remaining steps until
you locate the problem.
Remove the Drive Signal from the
Main Switching Transistor
Open the signal path between the Driveand the gate or base of the switchingtransistor. You can easily do this byunsoldering and lifting any one of thecomponents in the signal path.Disconnecting the input signal to the mainswitching transistor allows you to safelytroubleshooting the SMPS circuits, whilethe chassis is turned on, withoutaccidentally producing an output from the
Check MIC 1 Circuits
MIC#1 includes all the
path from theoutput of the linear supply to the groundpoint of the emitter or source of theswitching transistor. Begin by checkingfor
voltage at the switching transistor:1. Connect the Waveform Analyzer to theswitching transistor’s drain or collector.
Set it to measure DC voltage.
2. Set the
to zero volts AC output.Press the“0-1.5A/175W" output currentmonitor button.3. Gradually increase thePR57's ACoutput while monitoring the output
You will observe one of the followingconditions:
Low current, normal B+ (approximately160 VDC) with PR57 output at 117 VAC.
This means that the
supply is good.But there still might be a problem in the
circuitry:Check the switching transistor to makesure it is not open. Use a dynamictransistor, such as the TF46 “Super Cricket.check." Also check the resistor(s) in the emitter or source lead of the switching transistor. If you suspect they may have changed invalue,replace them with themanufacturer’s exact replacement. Theseresistors are precise tolerance, and are
critical to safe operation of the SMPS.
If the transistor and resistors are good,
proceed to Step
No DC and no AC current draw
There is an open in the
supply. Checkthe fuses, safety resistors, diodes, andswitching transformer primary.
No (or low) DC
increasing AC current
Low or missing DC voltage along withincreasing AC current is caused by ashort in the
supply itself, orsome-