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Table Of Contents

1 FOREWORD
2.1.1 DEWATS
2.1.2 Treatment Systems
2.1.3 Kinds of Wastewater
2.1.4 Area requirement
2.2.1 Treatment Quality
2.2.2 Pathogen control
2.3.1 Reuse of wastewater
2.3.2 Reuse of Sludge
2.3.3 Use of Biogas
2.3.4 Costs
2.4.1 Designing Procedure
2.4.2 Wastewater Data
2.4.3 Construction
2.4.4 Maintenance
2.4.5 Training for Operation
3.1 The Need for Active Dissemination of DEWATS
3.2 Preconditions for Dissemination
3.3.1 The Status of Waste Disposal in Society
3.3.2 Organising People
3.3.3 Partners for Dissemination
3.4.1 Decentralisation
3.4.2 Treatment Quality
3.4.3 Treatment Cost
3.4.4 Investment Capital
3.5.1 Decentralisation
3.5.2 Construction
3.5.3 Substrate
3.6.1 The Political Environment
3.6.2 Political Priorities
3.6.3.1 Human Settlements
3.6.3.3 Industrial Estates
3.7.1.1 Information
3.7.1.2 Regulation
3.7.1.3 Financing
3.7.1.4 Implementation
3.7.1.5 Operation
3.7.1.6 Control
3.7.1.7 Reuse of Resources
3.7.2.1 The Government
3.7.2.2 Non-Governmental Organisations
3.7.2.3 Development Projects
3.7.3.1 Individual Implementation
3.7.3.2 Sector-wise Dissemination
3.7.3.3 Marketing
4.1 Economy of Wastewater Treatment
4.2 Treatment Alternatives
4.3.1 Methods of Comparison
4.3.2.1 Cost of land
4.3.2.2 Construction cost
4.3.3 Running Costs
4.3.4 Income from Wastewater Treat- ment
4.3.5 Capital Costs
5.1 Definition
5.2 Basics of Biological Treatment
5.3 Aerobic - Anaerobic
5.4 Phase Separation
5.5.1 Screening
5.5.2 Sedimentation
5.5.3 Floatation
5.5.4 Filtration
5.5.5 Sludge accumulation
5.6 Elimination of Nitrogen
5.8 Elimination of Toxic Substances
5.9 Removal of Pathogens
6.3 Soil
7.1 Volume
7.2 Solids
7.3 Fat, Grease and Oil
7.4 Turbidity, Colour and Odour
7.5 COD and BOD
7.6 Nitrogen (N)
7.7 Phosphorus
7.8 Temperature and pH
7.9 Volatile Fatty Acids
7.10 Dissolved Oxygen
8.2 Organic Load
8.3 Sludge Volume
9.1 Grease Trap and Grit Chamber
9.2 Septic Tank
9.3 Imhoff Tank
9.4 Anaerobic Filter
9.5 UASB
9.6 Baffled Septic Tank
9.7 Fully Mixed Digester
9.8 Trickling Filter
9.9 Constructed Wetlands
9.10 The Horizontal Gravel Filter
9.11 Vertical Sand Filter
9.12.1 Anaerobic ponds
9.12.2 Aerobic Ponds
9.12.3 Aquatic Plant Systems
9.14 Unsuitable Technologies
10.1 Desludging
10.2 Sludge Drying
10.3 Composting
11. 1 Risks
11.2 Groundwater Recharge
11.3 Fishponds
11.4 Irrigation
11.5 Reuse for Process and Domestic Purposes
12.2 Scope of Use
12.3 Gas Collection and Storage
12.4 Distribution of Biogas
12.5 Gas Appliances
13.1.1 Usefulness of Computer Calculation
13.1.2 Risks of Using Simplified Formulas
13.1.3 About the Spread Sheets
13.1.4 Assumed COD / BOD Relation
13.1.5 Wastewater Production per Capita
13.1.6 Septic Tank
13.1.8 Anaerobic Filters
13.1.9 Baffled Septic Tank
13.1.10 Biogas Plant
13.1.11 Gravel Filter
13.1.12 Anaerobic Pond
13.1.13 Aerobic Pond
13.2.1 General
13.2.2. Viability of Using Biogas
13.2.3 Annual Cost Calculation
13.3 Using Spread Sheets without Computer
14 APPENDIX
15 LITERATURE
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DEWATS Proccess Design

DEWATS Proccess Design

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Published by hoang minh

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Published by: hoang minh on Sep 06, 2010
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01/30/2013

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