Records of Lady Allen of Hurtwood.
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UNIVERSITY OF WARWICKMODERN RECORDS CENTREEmail:firstname.lastname@example.orgWebsite:http://modernrecords.warwick.ac.uk ___________________________________________________________________ RECORDS OF LADY ALLEN OF HURTWOOD.-1976
Lady Marjory Allen (nee Gill), landscape architect, campaigner for pre-school educationand promoter of child welfare, was born on 10 May 1897. After taking a horticulturaldiploma course at University College, Reading, between 1918-20, she worked as alandscape gardener during the 1920s and 1930s, and was elected the first fellow of thenew Institute of Landscape Architects in 1930. She served as the vice-president of theInstitute of Landscape Architects between 1939-46.From the 1940s onwards, Lady Allen became increasingly interested in child welfare. Herofficial posts included chairman (1942-48) and president (1948-51) of the Nursery SchoolsAssociation of Great Britain; founder-president of the World Organisation for EarlyChildhood Education; and chairman of the United Nations Children's Fund (1950-51). Hercampaigning focused on the plight of children in institutions and the inner-cities, andpromoted the idea of adventure or junk playgrounds; it also proved instrumental in thepassing of the Children's Act in 1948. Lady Allen died on 11 April 1976.Marjory Gill married (Reginald) Clifford Allen (1889-1939) on 17 December 1921. CliffordAllen was secretary and general manager of the 'Daily Citizen' newspaper between 1912-1915, and was 3 times imprisoned as a conscientious objector during the period 1916-1917 - resulting in permanent damage to his health. He served as treasurer and chairmanof the Independent Labour Party (ILP), and returned to publishing in his role as director ofthe 'Daily Herald' between 1925-1930. His involvement with the Labour movement wasbrought to an end by his support for the National Government of Ramsay MacDonald in1931. Clifford Allen accepted a peerage in 1932 to become Baron Allen of Hurtwood.Despite condemning Nazi brutality and anti-semitism, Lord Allen's strong pacifist beliefs ledhim to champion appeasement with Germany during the 1930s.Reference: Chris Cook and David Waller, 'The Longman Guide to Sources inContemporary British History 2: Individuals' (Longman, 1994); 'Dictionary of NationalBiography'.Preferred citation: Lady Allen of Hurtwood Papers (MSS.121), Modern Records Centre,University of Warwick.The papers were purchased by the Centre, shortly before Lady Allen's death in 1976.Several albums of press cuttings relating to Lady Allen and her husband, 1st Baron Allen ofHurtwood, were transferred to the Centre by their daughter in April 1994.The bulk of Clifford Allen's papers can be found at the University of South Carolina.Access: Open.