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Safety Hazards In Bakery

Safety Hazards In Bakery

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Published by bakerybazar
Safety hazards in bakery are dust , heat , fire , oil ( fuel as well as raw material ) etc . Proper precautions are required for safe operations as we have witnessed many accidents in bakery industry
Safety hazards in bakery are dust , heat , fire , oil ( fuel as well as raw material ) etc . Proper precautions are required for safe operations as we have witnessed many accidents in bakery industry

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Published by: bakerybazar on Sep 06, 2010
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11/06/2012

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Safety in Bakery Industry
Major bakery manufacturing industry are biscuit manufacturing , bread manufacturing,cake manufacturing . These industry are labour intensive as automation is high in costfor bakery industry which these bakery industry avoid .Normal mid size factory wouldemploy about 250 500 workers .Bakeries in India have numerous accidents and injuries which goes unnoticed.In India we have around small and medium bakery plants which produces variousbakery products . Most the bigger manufacturer have outsourced manufacturing fromContract manufacturers , these contract manufacturers are not equipped financially toimplement all necessary safety requirement .Hence it is the responsibility of the biggerplayer to ensure that safety standards are adhered to into these smaller plants . Safetycould be further classified into personal safety, fire safety and electrical safety.
Personal safety
Slip, trips and falls major reasons for these are spillages all around production hall. Oilspillages and Water are the common reason. The major accident prone area is premixingwhere maximum spillages occurs. Slippery Tiles can also cause trips and falls
Flooring
could also results in trip and fall as material handling is done through pallettrucks and trolleys in case of un even flooring the tendency of pallets and trolleyswould be to upturn which again causes , hence proper flooring is required in thesePlants . Kota Stone flooring is the best.
Loading
and Unloading Heavy bags of sugar and wheat flour 50 kg , 90kg bags areloaded and unloaded manually which may cause permanent damage to the Spine .Mechanical conveyors, Bucket elevators, Screw conveyors, Pneumatic conveyors or Bulk Handling system i.e. Transfer of raw material directly from tankers to Silos whicheliminates manual loading and unloading.
Noise
is another problem which may cause deaf ness among workers as they work continuously in area where you have continuous mechanical sound for example Mixers , Compressors , Generators ,DG sets , Blowers of Oven , Vibratory sifters ,Grinders etc . Ear plugs are the best remedy
Odour
- Another important personal health safety issue in bakeries the major problemscome from ammonia odour which inhaled in large quantity can cause breathingproblem . Scrubber for ammonia can minimize the effect. We can arrange respirators forthese workers
more onwww.bakerybazar.com 
 
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Dust
is a unique problem for bakery units you can find Flour dust and Sugar Dust inmany of bakeries. These may cause breathing problem, asthma etc .These are generatedat grinders, sifters and Mixers.
Heavy Loads of machinery
: There are many equipments which may cause accidentdue to shifting , change over for e.g. molder , cutters , Oven bands , conveyors etc .Forklifts must be employed in such factories.
Cuts and Burns:
These are most common minor injuries in bakery plants. Burns atplaces like oven, boiler etc and heaters of packing machines and sealers .Explosion andfire has been reported from biscuit ovens from many plants. Explosion safety sheets areprovided to release pressure building inside ovens.Cuts happens when operators are not careful and attentive during process of packing of products as it involves knifes and cutters. Maintenance people normally are care lessduring belts. Burns may happens at pre mixing section where operators has to handlesome chemicals like acids . Protective gloves are to be provided while handling hotobjects and dangerous chemicals.
Asbestosis
Many of these bakery factories roof sheds are made up of asbestos sheetswhich may cause asbestosis. Sheets to be changed to metallic sheets.
Heat
is another source of health risk as workers are exposed to higher temperatures whileworking near ovens temperatures zooms to 55-60deg c in these zones .Ventilation andfresh air supply to be maintained in these areas.
Insulation
is another dangerous material in these bakeries as ovens are insulated throughthese insulations hence any repair/replacement / dismantling of oven insulation requiresprecaution s such as workers to wear boilers suit before such jobs
Fire safety
Bakery industry has many inflammable materials which can cause fire hazards. Materialsare following
Packaging material
- Wrapper, Card board boxes (CBBS) and laminates Storages andwaste are main factor of any fire.
Oven s
These are main fire hazards in bakery unit
more onwww.bakerybazar.com 

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