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So you can make the diffrence ..Gray's and Grey's

So you can make the diffrence ..Gray's and Grey's

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Gray's Anatomy1
Gray's Anatomy
 Henry Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body
Author
Henry Gray
Illustrator
Henry Vandyke Carter
Country
England
Language
English
Subject(s)
Human anatomy
Publication date
1858
An illustration from the 1918 edition
 Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical 
, commonly shortened to
Gray's Anatomy
, byHenry Gray, is an English-language human anatomy textbook widely regarded asa classic work on the subject.The book was first published under the title
 Anatomy: Descriptive and Surgical 
in the United Kingdom in 1858, and the following year in the United States. Graycontracted smallpox while treating his nephew. His nephew lived, but Gray diedat the age of 34, shortly after the publication of the 1860 second edition. Work onhis much-praised book was continued by others and on 26 September 2008, the40th British edition of the book and accompanying website was published underthe editorship of Professor Susan Standring.
Origins
Henry Gray
The British anatomist Henry Gray was born in 1827. He studied thedevelopment of the endocrine glands and spleen and in 1853 wasappointed Lecturer on Anatomy at St George's Hospital MedicalSchool in London. In 1855 he approached his colleague HenryVandyke Carter with his idea to produce an inexpensive and accessibleanatomy textbook for medical students. Dissecting unclaimed bodiesfrom workhouse and hospital mortuaries through the Anatomy Act of 1832, the two worked for 18 months on what would form the basis of the book. Gray's death came just three years after the publication of his
 Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical
. In England, it appears that Graypublished the first two editions himself, in 1858 and 1860. Longman'sclaims to have begun publishing
Gray's Anatomy
since 1863.
[1]
Thiscoincides with the publishing date of the third English edition of 
Gray's Anatomy.
[2]
American Editions
 
Gray's Anatomy2The American rights were purchased by Blanchard and Lea, who published the first U.S., or "American Editions" of Gray's Anatomy in June 1859, whose company became Lea & Febiger in 1908. Lea & Febiger continued publishingthe American editions until the company was sold in 1990.
[3]
The First American publication was edited by Richard James Dunglison, whose father Robley Dunglison wasphysician to Thomas Jefferson.
[4]
Dunglison edited the next four editions. These were: the
Second American Edition
(February 1862); the
 New Third American from the Fifth English Edition
(May 1870); the
 New American from the Eighth English Edition
(July 1878); and the
 New American from the Tenth English Edition
(August 1883). Dr W.W.Keen edited the next two editions, namely: the
 New American from the Eleventh English Edition
(Sept. 1887); andthe
 New American from the Thirteenth English Edition
(Sept. 1893).In September 1896 reference to the English edition was dropped, and it was published as the
,edited by Bern B. Gallaudet, F.J. Brockway, and J.P. McMurrich, who also edited the
 Fifteenth Edit ion
Sixteenth E dition
(October 1905) was edited by J.C. DaCosta, and the
Seventeenth
(Sept. 1908)by DaCosta and
E.A. Spitzka
. Spitzka edited the
 Eighteenth
(Oct. 1910) and
 Nineteenth
(July 1913) editions, and in October 1913,R. Howden edited the
 New American from the Eighteenth English Edition
. The "American" editions thencontinued with consecutive numbering from the Twentieth onwards, with W.H. Lewis editing the 20th (Sept. 1918),21st (Aug. 1924), 22nd (Aug. 1930), 23rd (July 1936), and 24th (May 1942). C.M. Gross edited the 25th (Aug.1948), 26th (July 1954), 27th (Aug. 1959), 28th (Aug. 1966), and 29th (Jan. 1973). Carmine D. Clemente edited andextensively revised the 30th edition (October 1984).
[5]
With the sale of Lea & Febiger in 1990, the 30th edition wasthe last American Edition.
Discrepancies in Numbering of American and British Editions
The mismatch between British and American edition numbering led to the existence, for many years, of two main"flavors" or "branches" of 
Gray's Anatomy
: the U.S. and the British one. This can easily cause misunderstandingsand confusion, especially when quoting from or trying to purchase a certain edition. For example acomparison of publishing histories shows that the American numbering kept roughly apace with the British upuntil the 16th editions in 1905, with the American editions either acknowledging the English edition, or simply matching the numbering in the 14th, 15th and 16th editions. Then the American numbering crept ahead, with the 17th Americanedition published in 1908, while the 17th British edition was published in 1909. This increased to a three year gapfor the 18th and 19th editions, leading to the 1913 publication of the
 New American from the Eighteenth English
,which brought the numbering back into line. Both 20th editions were then published in the same year (1918).Thereafter, it was the British numbering that published ahead, with the 21st British edition in 1920, and the 21stAmerican edition in 1924. This discrepancy continued to increase, so that the 30th British edition was published in1949, while the 30th and last American edition was published in 1984.
[2]
 
[6]
Most recent available editions
An illustration from the 1918 edition.
The 40th edition of 
Gray's Anatomy
was published in September 2008 byElsevier under the Churchill Livingstone imprint in both print and on-lineversions.
[7]
Companion publications such as
Gray's Anatomy for Students
,
Gray's Atlas of  Anatomy
(and package versions containing both), and
Gray's Anatomy Review
have also been published.
[8]
Older editions of the book continue to be reprinted and sold. On the World WideWeb, there are many offers for what seem to be reprints of the 1901 (probably
 
Gray's Anatomy3U.S.) edition. Although such prints may serve artistic uses because their companion illustrations and anatomicalcross sections are renowned for their rustic and often haunting presentation, they no longer represent up-to-dateanatomical understanding, as much less was known at the time.Henry Gray wrote the original version of 
Gray's Anatomy
with an audience of medical students and physicians inmind, especially surgeons. For many decades however, precisely because Gray's textbook became such a classic,successive editors made major efforts to preserve its position as possibly the most authoritative text on the subject inthe English language. Toward this end, a long-term strategy appears to have been to have the book contain a
 fullycomprehensive
account of the anatomical and medical understanding available at the time of publication of eachedition. Given the explosion of medical understanding in the 20th century, it is easily appreciated that this led to avast expansion of the book, which threatened to collapse under its own weight in a metaphorical and physical sense.From the 35th edition onward, increased efforts were made to reverse this trend and keep the book readable bystudents. Nevertheless, the 38th edition contained 2,092 pages in large format.
[9]
Newer editions of 
Gray's Anatomy
(and even several older ones) are still considered to be about the mostcomprehensive and detailed books of such type on the subject.
[10]
The senior editor of the latest, 40th, edition of 
Gray's Anatomy
book and accompanying website is Professor SusanStandring, who is Emeritus Professor of Anatomy at King's College London.
[7]
See also
List of human anatomical featuresList of images and subjects in Gray's AnatomyList of subjects in Gray's Anatomy: Alphabetical
Further reading
Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice
, 40th edition (2008), 1576 pages,Churchill-Livingstone, Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-443-06684-9Richardson, Ruth.
The Making of Mr. Gray's Anatomy
, (2008). Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199552991Hayes, Bill.
The Anatomist: a True story of Gray's Anatomy
, (2007). Ballantine. ISBN 978-0345456892
External links
Online version o
Gray's Anatomy
 
[11]
 
 —
The complete 20th U.S. edition of Gray's
 Anatomy of the Human Body
,published in 1918.A comprehensive history of the British Edition of the book.
[12]
Video of @Google Talk by Bill Hayes on Gray's Anatomy
[13]
iPhone version o
Gray's Anatomy
book 
[14]
 
 —
The complete 1st edition of Gray's
 Anatomy of the Human Body
,published in 1918; with illustrations of Henry Vandyke Carter.Palm WebOS version of 
Gray's Anatomy
 
[15]

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