point for the trade, the culture and the amusements. Every things finished between 62 A. C., when aearthquake caused huge damages, to 79 A. C. with the eruption of Vesuvius that buried all thetown and the surrounding territory.When the Romans conquered the town permanently and imposed the Latin language, in Pompeii twolanguages were spoken: the Oscan language and the Grecian language. The use of the second one wasalso allowed with the coming of the Latin language because the Romans esteemed Grecian people verymuch.
The Latin used in Pompeii was an evolving language and wasn’t an academic Latin that teacherstried to teach with many difficults.
In Pompeii, before the eruption of 79 A. C., was spoken and written a vulgar Latin, foundation of theRomance languages.
It needs to make a reference to this language to arrive at the solution of the enigma that the “Sator” contains, because the indication of the reading key is in this language and some words of the solutionbelong to it.The vulgar Latin wasn’t only a language spoken by the lowest classes of the population, but it wasthe language spoken by all the people, with shades according to the place of origin and to the socialclass of belonging.
Between the classical Latin and the vulgar Latin there are differences about phonology, morphology,syntax and lexicon. It’s a question of two aspects of the same language and not of two differentlanguages.
There is an important vowel aspect about the reduction of some diphthongs: AU becomes O, forinstance AURU (M) > ORO
(gold). “M” letter falls in the accusative that inclines to become the obliquecase pre-eminently; the use of the nominative still remains.
The classical Latin used the subordinationwhile the vulgar Latin preferred to use the co-ordination.
Peculiar characteristics of the lexicon of thevulgar Latin are: concreteness, specificity, expressive immediateness and phonetic consistence.
There aren’t evidences wholly written in vulgar Latin but there are texts with parts of this variety of language which manifested oneself already in the archaic Latin (for instance in Plautus, about 250-184B. C.) but then they were refused by the classic literary language of the next period.
Some documentswhich testify the use of the vulgar Latin are:- the Satyricom of Petronius (first century A. C.), work in which the author made new rich Trimalcione tospeak a language full of vulgarisms;- the inscriptions and the graffiti of Pompeii, kept thanks to the eruption of Vesuvius that buried thetown;- many works of Christian authors who used on purpose a language near the one spoken by the people;- many tablets carved by stonecutters of lacking education.
As it knows the specimen of "Sator" found in Pompeii, has above itself a triangle and has under itself the writing "ANO". This geometric figure and this short word are the key to "unhinge" the hidden secretof the enigma. The word "ANO" means ring (from classical Latin ANUS, ANUM); the ring to take intoconsideration is the ring that contains the triangle.The ring par excellence corresponds to this figure; it's the Signed-Ring of Solomon, that he receivedby his father David, from whom derives the name of the symbol that is obtained by the union of twotriangles: the star of David or Hexagram.