will include all the necessary information inthe district of criminology, involving study of crime as a socialphenomena, causes of crime, criminal behavior, as well asmany other aspects of crime. Criminal justice is the system of practices and institutions and governments directed atupholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime,sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties andrehabilitation efforts. The rights of the accused are rights thatprotect those accused of crime.
A criminal justice course will differ from country to country,depending on the specific criminal justice law specifications of each country. For example, in the United States, the history of criminal justice will take us as long as 1969, when the criminal justice policy has been guided by the President's Commissionon Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice, whichissues a ground-breaking report "The Challenge of Crime in aFree Society". After this report was issued, more than 200recommendations were received, all of them referring to theprevention and fighting of crime. In 1968 the "Omnibus CrimeControl and Safe Streets Act" was issued. In any criminal justice course one should learn that from that time on, thesystem for criminal justice included coordination among lawenforcement, courts and correctional agencies. The President'sCommission defined the criminal justice as the means forsociety to "enforce the standards of conduct necessary toprotect individuals and the community."("The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society" - 1967). The criminal justice coursewill also teach us that history of criminal justice is different, just as the specifications of this system, depending on eachcountry's laws and historical situations. In Canada, the systemaims to balance the goals of crime control and prevention, and justice (equity, fairness, protection of individual rights). InSweden, criminal justice will enhance reducing of crime andthe security of people.
Criminal justice emerged as an academic discipline in the1920s, beginning with Berkeley police chief August Vollmerwho established a criminal justice course program at the