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Published by Inge Stegeman

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Published by: Inge Stegeman on Jun 29, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Generation Y makes up over 70 million people in the U.S. With those born between 1977 and1994 included, they make up over 20% of today’s population. The largest generation since thebaby-boomers, the Millennials are defined by their numbers. They will have a huge social andeconomic impact.There are three major characteristics of the Millennial group: 1) They are racially and ethnicallydiverse, 2) They are extremely independent because of divorce, day care, single parents, latchkeyparenting, and the technological revolution that they are growing up alongside, and 3) They feelempowered; thanks to overindulgent parents, they have a sense of security and are optimisticabout the future.The oldest members of generation Y are now entering the workforce. At the same time, the BabyBoom generation is retiring at a much older age than those of previous generations. This willbring intergenerational conflicts, as well as uncertainty about what the future of America’sworkforce will be.This paper will examine who Generation Y is, their attitudes, and how to recruit and retain thenext generation.
Who is Generation Y?Home Life
Family cohesion is alive and well in the 21
century. Generation Y is being raised in the age of the “active parent.” Defined by the views of child psychology that predominate and the parentaleducation available, this is the decade of the child.
(*Source: EmploymentReview.com)
Although over half of all families in the U.S. have divorced parents, there is more time spentwith their children than those of the previous generation. The parents of Generation Y view thechild as the center of the family.
(*Source: Y Recruiting, Patty Giordani, 2005
Fathers have entered the child rearing equation and companies realize that time away from the job to spend with the family is very important. Unlike Generation X that came before them, thesechildren are not left to make key decisions on their own; the parents of Generation Y are veryhands-on. Parents are involved in the daily lives and decisions of Gen Y. Their parents helpedthem plan their achievements, took part in their activities, and showed strong beliefs in theirchild’s worth.
 Today, over half of families with children eat dinner together seven days a week. The dinnersetting gives parents and children time to discuss important events.
Majority of Children Eat Dinner withParents Daily
65%3%5%27%0 days a week1-2 days a week3-6 days a week7 days a week
*Source: The Millennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994; Bureau of Census: A Childs Day, 2000
The secure feeling attained by strong parental involvement makes the members of the YGeneration believe they can accomplish most anything, and if they don’t, they can always goback home and get help and support.
(*Source: Y Recruiting, Patty Giordani 2005
From a young age, Generation Y is told, through both the media and home, that they can have itall. This generation has a strong sense of entitlement. Striving for a quality of life only known bythe rich and famous, wanting the best and thinking they deserve it, makes Generation Y drivenand ambitious, with high expectations.
Growing up in the age of technology has put a computer in the hands of almost every child. Theyhave understanding and knowledge of technology and keep up quite well with its advances.Three out of four teenagers are on-line, and 93% of those ages 15-17 are computer users. Themajority of time spent on the Internet is for entertainment purposes. Emailing, instant messagingand gaming is done by the majority of children eight and older who are on-line.
(*Source: TheMillennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994; National Center for Health Statistics)
31%54%68%77%5 to 78 to 1011 to 1415 to 17
Most Children are On-Line
*Source: The Millennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994; National Center forHealth Statistics: Computer & Internet Use by Children and Adolescents in 2001
Unlike past generations, the technological advances in the past decade have put a multitude of choices at the fingertips of Generation Y. The wealth of information available in seconds fromthe Internet, hundreds of television stations to choose from and a different shopping center everyten miles has given Gen Y members the notion that if they do not get what they want from onesource, they can immediately go to another. This relates to employment because Generation Ywill question workplace regulations, such as uniform requirements and schedules, and know thatthere are other options out there if they are not satisfied with the answers.
(*Source: Managers Must SetExample for Gen Y Kidployees; Employee Recruitment and Molding; Robin Allen, 2005)
Generation Y is a very diverse group. One to every three Caucasian people is a member of aminority group. With the ever growing diverse population, the word “minority” may no longerhave meaning to this and future generations. Members of Generation Y are very tolerant of thediversity around them. Working and interacting with people outside of their own ethnic group isthe norm, and acceptable.

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