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NWFP Floods Mardan & Swabi-2009

NWFP Floods Mardan & Swabi-2009

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Published by Aamir Hussain

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Published by: Aamir Hussain on Sep 07, 2010
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 OCHAInitial Assessment ReportNWFP Floods Mardanand Swabi 2009
Page 1/7
Situation Summary
On 16
August 2009 atapproximately 03h00,torrential rains, cloud burstand flash floods causedsudden flooding in DistrictMardan and Swabi of NWFP.In Mardan the flash flood thatoriginated at Ambela indistrict Buner caused havocin Mardan affecting 13 unioncouncils resulting in 14deaths. In Swabi due tocloud burst flash flood thatoriginated from Karamar Mountains flooded 3 unioncouncils of district Swabi.According to the district governments 14 deaths have been reported so far due to recent floods all of them in district Mardan.Two day assessment conducted by OCHA estimates 84,290 individuals affected in 16 union councilsof Mardan and Swabi. Estimated 38,842 (48% of the affected population) populations are severelyaffected according to the assessment. 76% percent of the affectedpopulation resides in district Madran and 24% in district Swabi.The assessment classified the affected union councils in to threedamage categories, severely damage, moderately damage and lowintensity damage. In Mardan there are 2 severely damage, 5moderately damage and 6 low damaged intensity union councils.Rapid assessment visited 10 out of 16 union councils and consultedDCO’s, Nazim’s, elders of affected union councils. Consultationsestimates approximately 2300 houses are partially or minor damaged due to flooding. 900 houses are estimated to becompletely collapsed, majority of them are mud houses.It seems the water sources havealso been badly affected with wellscontaminated due to flood waters.In severely affected union councils,congested settlements in ruralsettings are filled with mud debrisand polluted stagnant water. Mostof the population seemed busytrying to clear debris and retrievetheir belongings. Crops andlivestock are badly affected,however there are no consolidatedfigures available to date. Affectedpopulation has lost animal feedand harvested crop such astobacco and wheat due to flooding.95% of the affected population thatare interview by the assessment
Flooding % in the affectedpopulation districtsFlood Affected Population
900230005001000150020002500Houses Destroyed Houses Partially Damaged
 Houses destroyed VS houses partially damaged
 OCHAInitial Assessment ReportNWFP Floods Mardanand Swabi 2009
team confirms that food stocks have been lost or are not useful for consumption. There is growinganxiety amongst the locals who wait for meaningful relief intervention and identify five basic needs;however the assessment recommends other time critical interventions in the conclusion andrecommendations section:1. Dry Food Ration2. NFI with kitchen sets and bedding3. Shelter 4. Clean drinking water 5. Health needs focusing water borne diseases, skin diseases and scattered snake bite casesEven though the flood has only affected very small area in two districts, the situation requires urgentassistance from humanitarian actors, since the affected communities have hosted large number of IDP’s in the past and the population has already consumed their resources to host the IDP’s. Thereare still small number of IDP’s residing in these districts from areas where the security situation hasnot improved such as Mata and Kabal area of district Swat and Chagarzai area of district Buner. Thereare reports that the IDP population who have not returned and now moving back due to the floods.
Affected population and damagesSwabi MardanAffectedPopulationHousesDestroyedHousesPartiallyDamagedAffectedPopulationHousesDestroyedHouses PartiallyDamaged20,232 500 2000 64,059 400 300
Detailed map is attached as PDF document
Map of the flood affected union councils in district Mardan and Swabi
 OCHAInitial Assessment ReportNWFP Floods Mardanand Swabi 2009
The assessment team met with the DCO Mardan who pointed out 13 union councils that are floodaffected in the districts. DCO informed that the torrential rains resulted in early morning floods thatoriginated from Ambela in Buner and entered Mardan through Rustum where the intensity of the floodincreased and played havoc in Garyala union council killing 8 people and destroying substantial areaof Shahbaz Ghari union council.OCHA has estimated approximately 500 houses have completely destroyed in Mardan district while2000 are partially or minor damaged. These estimates may vary final figure and are released only for planning purposes.Assessment team has observed in almost all villages clean drinking water is an immediate need.Inadequate clean drinking water and hygiene conditions in the villages can lead to water bornediseases. There are some cases of snake bites in the villages, however they are not that wide spreadand most in areas which are close to streams and rivers that over flowed. Adequate health coveragecovering skin diseases, water borne diseases and targeted distribution of snake venom to the healthdepartment may be required.All together 14 deaths have reported in the affected districts all of them in Mardan:
No of Deaths UC
1 Machi, Mardan2 Charguli, Mardan8 Garyala, Mardan1 Mohib Banda, Mardan1 Garhi Ismailzai, Mardan1 Garhi Daulatzai, Mardan
14 Total
DCO has indicated immediate needs as food for 5000 families and shelter for 2000 families.OCHA assessment team visited 8 UC’s in Mardan district.Thirteen union councils have been identified by the assessment team as flood affected in Mardandistrict:
Union CouncilsEstimatedprojectedcensusfigures of population asof March 2009DamageCategory% of damage inthe affectedunion council(OCHA teamassessment)UC wiseaffectedpopulation
BALA GARHI UC 16611 Moderate 25% 4153BAZAR UC 28040 Low 10% 2804CHARGULI UC 24218 Low 9% 2180GARHI DAULAT ZAI UC 33541 Moderate 22% 7379GARHI ISMAIL ZAI UC 16499 Low 8% 1320GARYALA UC 20130 Severe 58% 11675KOT DAULAT ZAI UC 16761 Moderate 35% 5866MACHAI UC 17576 Moderate 20% 3515MOHIB BANDA UC 25510 Moderate 21% 5357PALO DHERI UC 26595 Low 7% 1862RUSTAM UC 34047 Low 6% 2043

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