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Norms of Morality

Norms of Morality

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Published by krystalnew

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: krystalnew on Sep 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/06/2013

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NORMS OF MORALITY
INTRODUCTION-
since
childhood
, we learn early the
difference
between goodand bad
-
It could then be said that everybody has a
natural inclination
towards morality = Even in primitive society,
morality
plays anessential
role
in the form of things
allowed
and
prohibited-
Morality then is a
universal phenomenon;
manifested in everyperson in every society
NORMS-
in general, they are considered as
standard of measurement-
it is an instrument through which the quality or quantity of athing is determined
NORMS OF MORALITY
- are the standards that indicate the rightfulness or wrongfulness,goodness or evilness, value or disvalue of a thing
-
these are qualities that cannot be measured by any mechanicaldevice because they are
spiritual
qualities that appeal only to reason- norms of morality
“criteria of judgment about the sorts of person we ought to be and the sorts of action we ought toperform.”Criteria -
a set of principles from which we may deduce a
conclusion
.-
Morality
therefore, consists in the relation of a thing or action withthe norm (conformity or non-conformity). It can then be defined as the
quality of things manifesting their conformity or non-conformity with the norm or criteria.
That which conforms = good;that which do not = evil or immoral
I. OBJECTIVE NORM OF MORALITY = LAW
LAW
-
an ordinance of reason promulgated for the common good by one who has charge of the society 
 
ORDINANCE OF REASON
1
 
-
rational deliberations intended to guide men towards what isgood for them and for the society
-
it should
not
be
arbitrary
or
whimsical
but that which orderand direct human acts toward their
ultimate end/UltimateGood-
Reason recognizes what is
good
|- what we ought to
follow
|-
Law
makes us follow what is good|- flows from reasonable will – from illuminedunderstanding of the will of an end-
qualities of Law:
-
 
 just- honest- possible of fulfillment- useful- permanent
PROMULGATED-made known
to the people who are bound to observe them
-
the public must be made aware of what is expected of them;law binds the subject until it is repealed by the lawful publicauthority
-
it is promulgated in a society = presupposes a
community
FOR THE COMMON GOOD-
its objective purpose of the Laws is the attainment of thecommon good
-
it is made not to fulfill the lawmakers’ personal interests but forthe good of all
-
a law is not meant to impose hardships or needless restrictions
-True Law
tends to make men good, liberate them fromperverse and mistaken judgments so as to lead them to theirultimate end
BY ONE WHO IS IN CHARGE OF THE SOCIETY-
a law can only be valid if they are the legitimate exercise of authority- only those who have the power and responsibility to govern havethe power to enact law
-
lawful authority implies lawful assumption of power andcredibility
2
 
- Author of the Law: legislator, lawgiver
LAWS =
they are necessary to man. They regulate human activity
=
without laws, the best intention will be thwarted either byoneself or by others, anarchy and chaos will reign becauseeach one will act according to one’s wishes without regardfor the good of others or for the common good= without laws = man will not find his ultimate purpose inlife
CLASSIFICATION OF LAWS
ACCORDING TO IMMEDIATE AUTHOR 
a)
 
Divine (Positive) Laws
-
those promulgated, or made known to us by special command of God
-
they are explicit demands of our essential tendencies as rationalbeings
-
they direct man towards his proper endEx. Decalogue
b)
 
Human (Positive) Laws
- promulgated by a legitimate human
authority =
this authorityresides either in the
State
or in the
Church
- they are intended to preserve peace and harmony within a societyand to direct each member of that society to work towards thecommon good.
b.1) Ecclesiastical Laws
= enacted by the church- embodied in the Canon Law
b.2) Civil Laws
= enacted by the state- embodied in the Constitution and Code of Civil Laws
ACCORDING TO DURATION
a) Temporal Laws
= all human laws
b) Eternal Laws
=
God’s plan and providence for the universe
ACCORDING TO MANNER OF PROMULGATION
a) Natural Lawsb) Positive Laws
3

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