Synchrotron and Simulations Techniques Applied toProblems in Materials Science: Catalysts and Azul MayaPigments
Russell R. Chianelli
, Myriam Perez De la Rosa
, George Meitzner
, Gilles Berhault
, Miguel José Yácaman
, John Pople
, Sergio Fuentes
andLori A. Polette
M.R.T.I., University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin,Texas.
SSRL, Stanford, California.
Centro de Ciencias de la Materia Condensada,Ensenada, B.C., México.
CIMAV, Chihuahua, Chihauhua, México. * E-mail –email@example.com Development of synchrotron techniques for the determination of the structure of disordered, amorphous and surface materials has exploded over the past twenty yearsdue to the increasing availability of high flux synchrotron radiation and thecontinuing development of increasingly powerful synchrotron techniques. Thesetechniques are available to materials scientists who are not necessarily synchrotronscientists through interaction with effective user communities that exist atsynchrotrons such as the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). In thisarticle we review the application of multiple synchrotron characterization techniquesto two classes of materials defined as “surface compounds.” One class of surfacecompounds are materials like MoS
that are widely used petroleum catalysts usedto improve the environmental properties of transportation fuels. These compoundsmay be viewed as “sulfide supported carbides” in their catalytically active states. Thesecond class of “surface compounds” is the “Maya Blue” pigments that are based ontechnology created by the ancient Maya. These compounds are organic/inorganic
Work supported in part by the Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515SSRL, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94309