7.6.1 - State that metabolic pathways consist of chains and cycles of enzyme-catalysed reactions
Metabolic pathways form a
series of reactions
that regulate the concentration of substances within cells by enzyme-mediated linear and circular sequences. Respiration and photosynthesis are examples of a metabolic pathway (see below). All these reactions may be classified into two types.
This is the
of larger molecules, releasing energy. This is exergonic. Enzymes in these reactions will break apart the chemical bonds, and two molecules are formed. These reactions include digestion and cellular respiration.
This is when smaller molecules
and become larger molecules. This process requires energy, therefore it is endergonic. Enzymes will draw the smaller molecules in and help the new bonds to form. Examples include protein synthesis (build up of polypeptides from peptides) and cellular respiration.