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Chain of Command From Infantry in Vietnam to the President

Chain of Command From Infantry in Vietnam to the President

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Published by seanfaria

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Published by: seanfaria on Sep 09, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Chain of command from infantry in Vietnam to the President  The understanding of ROE withthe limited war ideology and its assumption in the eyes of individual soldiers in the fieldBattalion commanders; division commanders; General William Westmoreland; Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara; President Lyndon Johnson.Vietnam and the 20
century ExperienceSUMA10Eric MayDebra Lashley FariaAugust 1 2010.
In war, the potential for breakdown in discipline is always present. The Army operateswith applicable rules of engagement (ROE), conducting warfare in compliance withinternational laws and within the condition specified by the higher commanders. Army forcesapply the combat power necessary to ensure victory through appropriate and disciplined use of force.ROE enables mission accomplishments, force protection and compliance with law andpolicy. It overlaps, implementing strategic policy decision, may serve an operational or tacticalmilitary goal, and while simultaneously bringing US forces in compliance with domestic orinternational law. The NCA approves ROE for US forces. NLF/NVA (Vietcong/North VietnameseArmy_ used for slaying, regroupment and infiltration. The Joint Staff, Joint operation Division isresponsible for the maintenance of these ROE.WWI saw the largest mobilization of the National troops since the Civil War. In Vietnam,President Johnson made a conscious decision not to mobilize the National Guards. He felt thatmobilizing the National Guard would signal intentions to the Soviets/Chinese that mightinfluence their direct intervention in the war.On July 20, 1965 Secretary of Defense McNamara, recommended to President Johnson, that hemobilize 235,000 National Guards and reserves. President Johnson felt the ground war inVietnam would be over within a year, and forces still be needed to fight a war in Korea if iterupted again. McNamara says we failed because we underestimated the enormity of the
challenges, we backed an unpopular, undemocratic government and we failed to gain approvalof the American people for commitment.The ranks of the Guards swelled as did the resentment by the active Army, who beganto view the Guard as a haven for draft dodgers. The end of Vietnam began the era of the TotalForce Policy. The National Guardsmen, despite being treated all too often with bias andindifference by their active army brethren. The Marine reserves have a different institutionalphilosophy, and do not have to compete for resources with their active duty counterparts.Guard infantry soldiers rose to the occasion and successfully completed their missions. Theemployment of National Guard combat units requires combatant commanders to plan for andrequest their participation in the campaign.The Army National Guard is consistently the reserve force for the Army. The Active Armyconsists of only 33 combat bridges. National Guard infantry units are trained and ready todeploy to those theaters of operations and assume the role of the departing active units.William Westmoreland in the Vietnam War, was an American General, who commandedUS military operations in Vietnam, during the height of the war from 1964-1968. He laterserved as Armys chief of Staff. As commander of US military operations, he expressedoptimism in his public statements about the war, reporting that American airpower and groundforces were successfully wearing down the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong.Ideology tends to be associated with international or particularly aggressive actions. Forthe American foreign policy, Americans mission, security definitions arrive. Ideology acts to

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