TIME LINE OF THE FILIPINO-AMERICAN WAR
The Philippine-American War has been described as the United States first Vietnam Warbecause of its brutality and severity. According to the Philippine-American War CentennialInitiative (PAWCI), roughly 22,000 Philippine soldiers and half a million civilians were killedbetween 1899 and 1092 in Luzon and the Visayan Islands, while one hundred thousandMuslims were killed in Mindanao.The United States joined the ranks of colonial powers in Asia with support from AmericanExpansionists and Protestant missionaries, but over the objections of domestic tobacco andsugar producers. Strategic interests proved most decisive in the age of Alfred Thayer Mahanstreatise on the necessity of naval power. The United States was pursuing an Open Doorpolicy in China, and the possession of coaling stations was imperative to a would-be Pacificpower.Benevolent AssimilationImperialism was difficult to square with the countrysrepublican tradition, as the noisy Anti-Imperialist Leaguekept reminding Americans. US leaders also had tocontend with the likes of Mabini and other ilustrados,despite the prevailing lens of racism that tended to seeFilipinos as uncivilized or savage. This difficult realitycompelled the new colonizers to demonstrate that theirrule would be better than Spains or that of any Europeanpower.The result was President McKinleys benevolent assimilation the American promise to trainFilipinos in democratic governance until they were ready to govern themselves. But the first order of business was to achieve control over the country.1896 August 23 Philippine Revolution Begins1897 March 4 William McKinley inaugurated 25
President of the United States1898 February 9 De Lomes letter came out of the pressFebruary 15 The American battleship Maine exploded near the port of Havana. Out of the 350 passengers, 266 died and many otherswere wounded. April 11 McKinley asked Congress to declare war. April 16 Army began mobilization. Teller Amendment was passed inCongress stating that the US would not annex Cuba. April 23 McKinley issued call for 125,000 volunteers. Spain declared war April 25 US declared war with Spain but made the declaration retroactiveto April 22 April 27 Commodore Deweys squadron left Mirs Bay, China for thePhilippines.May 1 Dewey defeated the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Manila Bay.