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Smart RAN for 4G – Compact BTS, Metro-Femto & ORI

Smart RAN for 4G – Compact BTS, Metro-Femto & ORI

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Published by Harish Vadada

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Harish Vadada on Sep 09, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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pact-BTS, Metro-Femto & ORIESS
8/31/2010| Harish Vadada
www.harishvadada.wordpress.com – Please share and give me feedback
– via my blog! 
As we move towards 4G there has been a trend inthe radio access network (RAN) architecture of simplifying it, making it more compact and flat. Theprimary motive has been to enable mobileoperators to maintain control on their networkcosts, while they deal with improving coverage andcapacity. However, the explosion in data trafficvolumes, due to smart phones like the iPhone,have thrown a spanner in the works for operatorsto keep tabs on CAPEX/OPEX costs while they try and keep up with incessantly exploding mobile datademand from burgeoning smart devices, applications, and changing user behavior. This calls for a newarchitectural paradigm that optimizes existing cell site infrastructure, most of which is macro layerenabled, but at the same time introduces new network layers at the micro-, pico- and femtocell level,that can effectively complement the macro layer.A new type of base station - the compact BTS along with Femto in the outdoor implementation has alsoentered the market, further reducing footprint and power consumption, while retaining theperformance of macro BTSs. Let us explore these concepts and value proposition that we see for 4Gdeployment –
Compact BTS
ORI - Open Radio Equipment Interface
What is a compact BTS?
It is a single-box base station with radio frequency (RF) and baseband components in a fully integrated,ruggedized enclosure, mounted at the tower top, adjacent to the antenna array, Lightweight equipmentwith a small footprint, Software-defined, single system-on-a-chip (SoC) architecture. It supports multipleantennas and beamforming with a performance comparable to that of macro BTSs, but with lowerpower consumption with no ground equipment, shelter, or air conditioning needed. Only power andEthernet (CAT-5 or fiber) cables are required to operate the base station and connect it to the backhaul.The compact base station is scalable platforms that can fit into multiple site classifications, ranging frompicocell to microcell and macrocell applications. Each site has its own specific equipment characteristicsthat are required for that specific site. Site-specificclassification scheme comes from a set of requirements, such as cell size, max subscribers,total required site capacity, and so forth. Theserequirements drive the definition of the numbercapability of a suitable Compact BTS for the type of site, e.g., the RF output power, which is largelydetermined by site location and targeted cell size.Finally, the capability set then determines suitable
www.harishvadada.wordpress.com – Please share and give me feedback
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Compact BTS specifications, such as type of PA, heat dissipation, physical form factor and so forth.Traditional macro sites are on rooftops or at a self-supporting site that has a tower mast installed with acabinet enclosure and is the most common site classification. Macro sites typically have the basebandand radio units enclosed in a cabinet enclosure with the antenna on at the top. This architecture is beingtransformed with the introduction of remote radio heads (RRH), which combines multiple elements of the RF portion of the base station in a single box. Typical RRH consists of the LNA and the PowerAmplifier, TDD Switch or Duplexer, Up and Down Converters, Analog to Digital and Digital to AnalogConverters, I/Q Optical Interface, and some degree of OA&M processing. RRH typically supports a singlesector and attaches onto the tower mast adjacent to the antenna, and connects to the baseband at thebottom of the tower enclosed in a cabinet connecting with a fiber optic cable. Compact BTSarchitectures can allow for the RRH to be combined with a baseband processing unit in a single passivelycooled unit, eliminating the need for a shelter or cabinet enclosure at the bottom of the tower bringingadditional savings on the site and further improving performance.
Metro-Femto and case study of Roke

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