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World Giving Report

World Giving Report

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Published by: peter_martin9335 on Sep 10, 2010
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TheWorld Giving Index2010
 
1
Contents
Foreword..............................................................................1Methodology...........................................................................2Key ndings.............................................................................4Section 1 World Giving Index..................................................6Section 2 Regional comparisons.............................................10Section 3 Giving money, wealth and satisaction with lie.......22Section 4 Age and gender compared.....................................24Conclusion.............................................................................31World Giving Index ull table...................................................32
Copyright © Charities Aid Foundation 2010All rights reserved. No part o this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem, or transmitted in any orm or by any means, including electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission o thecopyright owner.
Foreword
Giving time or money voluntarily to help others is seen by sociologistsas a marker o cohesiveness in a society. Almost all countries, cultures andaiths have their own traditions o giving which are complex and shapedby their history, customs and religion. The level o giving in a countryindicates something about the strength o civil society – the extent towhich individuals are willing and able to contribute towards addressingthe needs o others both in their own localities and across borders.As an international charity that encourages cultures o giving and isrenowned or its research on the latest philanthropic trends, we arerequently asked or up to date statistics on how societies donate tocharity across the globe. Up until now very little data on this topichas existed, and certainly nothing on the scale o this report, which isthe largest project o its kind, analysing the charitable behaviour o95% o the world’s population as part o an ongoing survey by Gallup.This allows us to observe, or the rst time, how charitable behaviourdiers around the world not only rom global region to region but romcountry to country.In an international report it is important to recognise both giving otime as well as money since a simple measure o nancial donationswould, on the whole, make the wealthiest nations appear most charitable.For this reason we have developed our World Giving Index to refect theoten diverse and unique nature o charitable behaviour and to transcendcultural and regional dierences.We hope that this report will be used by governments, charities, grantmakers and researchers to advance philanthropy and motivate individualsaround the world to give more generously.Finally, I would like to thank Gallup or allowing use o their WorldViewdata, without which this project would not have been possible.Dr John LowChie ExecutiveCharities Aid Foundation
 
23
Methodology
This report is primarily based upon data rom Gallup’s WorldViewWorld Poll (
) which is an ongoing research projectcarried out in 153 countries that together represent around 95% o theworld’s population. The survey asks questions on many dierent aspectso lie today including charitable behaviour.In most countries surveyed 1,000 questionnaires are completed by arepresentative sample o individuals living in urban centres. In some largecountries such as China and Russia samples o at least 2,000 are collected,while in a small number o countries, where polling is dicult, the pollcovers 500 – 1,000 people but still eatures a representative sample.Respondents are over 15 years old and samples areprobability-based.Surveysare carried out by telephone or ace-to-ace depending on thecountry’s telephone coverage.Gallup aim to update each country’s survey once a year and Charities AidFoundation (CAF) worked with data downloaded in March 2010.
Survey questions
Gallup asks people which o the ollowing three charitable acts they haveundertaken in the past month:
n
donated money to an organisation? 
n
volunteered time to an organisation? 
n
helped a stranger, or someone they didn’t know who needed help?It should be noted that giving money or time to an organisation couldinclude political parties/organisations as well as registered charities,community organisations, and places o worship.
World Giving Index
No single method to evaluate the contribution o individuals to society canbe perect. Dierent stakeholders will have dierent views on what datashould be included and how it should be treated. The aim o this reporthas been to bring to light, or the rst time, a truly global and credibledataset that gives an understanding o this vital subject in a robust, yetstraightorward way.In order to establish a rounded measure o charitable behaviour across theworld, CAF has created a World Giving Index which takes into accountall three charitable behaviours in the survey. This has been achieved bycalculating an average o the three measures in order to come up with anoverall country score.
Gross Domestic Product
GDP data is taken rom the IMF’s World Economic Outlook Programmeand GDP is based on purchasing-power parity (PPP) per capita. CAF usedthis data to cross-reerence a population’s likelihood to give with theircountry’s wealth.
Wellbeing
Gallup’s WorldView also measures how people eel about their lives byasking the ollowing:
Please imagine a ladder with steps numbered from zero at the bottomto ten at the top. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder representsthe best possible life for you, and the bottom of the ladder represents theworst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder would you say you personally feel you stand at this time, assuming that the higher the stepthe better you feel about your life, and the lower the step the worse youfeel about it? Which step comes closest to the way you feel?
Data was available or 153 countries and this question was asked in thesame month as the charitable behaviour questions.This data is cross-reerenced with data on giving money to charity.
Regional breakdown
To ully examine the data CAF has broken the world into 13 globalregions. These have been ormed based on the UN’s regional breakdown(available rom
)geographical reality and some acceptance o contemporarypolitical norms.

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