Clinical Data Warehouse on Insect Vector Diseases to Human of Andhra Pradesh
Dr.M. Usha Rani,
Research Scholar, Dept. of Computer Science,
Associate Professor, Dept. of Seri-Bio Sciences, SPMVV, Tirupati
Director, S.V.U.Computer Center S.V.University, Tirupati
Research Scholar, Dept of Computer Science ,S.V.University, Tirupati
The Widespread of Insect Vector Diseases tohumans is causing substantial morbidity and economic lossto our nation. The year 2006 is likely to go down as one of the worst years in terms of public health, which haswitnessed a high incidence of Insect Vector Diseases suchas
And Japanese Encephalitis.
This stressed the need to track the relevant information about these diseases. The reliableand quickly retrievable clinical data on disease wise is aneed of the hour with which planners can prepare their strategies to control and curb the diseases. From theaforesaid point of view this particular data warehouse(DWH) going to be handy to the planners.
Insect Vector diseases, Chikungunya,Malaria, Dengue, Lymphatic Filariasis & JapaneseEncephalitis, Clinical data, Data warehouse
The epidemic diseases are a threat to the societystarting from the stone age to till date. Even though we havegood past experience about epidemic diseases but theproblems are not handled in a proper way. The control of these diseases involves control of three living beings andtheir environment viz. man-the host, mosquito-the vectorand the deadly pathogen-the parasite. Since the vector andthe pathogen are highly adaptable, much of the emphasis ison man i.e. bringing the awareness in public related to theinsect vector diseases.The National and International efforts over theseInsect Vector Diseases control were highly successful in late1950’s and the early 60’s. However, due to various reasonsthe control programs received setbacks all over the worldand today it has come back with vengeance. Presentepidemic of Chikungunya in India after a gap of 30 years, isthe largest ever in the world, with over 1.3 million peopleaffected. For other mosquito borne diseases there has been athreefold increase in Japanese Encephalitis since 2001.Malaria infects 2 million Indians annually. It is time toaddress the research on these lines to explore, where thesystem fails in combating these diseases.
2. Origin of the Research Problem
The widespread of Insect Vector diseases tohuman is causing substantial morbidity and economic lossto our nation. The year 2006, is likely to go down as one of the worst years in terms of public health, which haswitnessed a high incidence of Insect Vector diseases suchas Malaria, Chikungunya, Dengue, Japanese Encephalitis.The WHO regional office for South-East Asia has reported1.3 million cases from 152 districts in 10 states/provincesof India, out of which 7,52,245 were from Karnataka alone.Impact on disease spread includes socio-economic aspects,clinical attendance and barriers to health care and lack of awareness to control the diseases. This stressed the need totrack the relevant information, the various aspects and dataabout these diseases.
3. Significance of the Work
The epidemic diseases are a great threat to Indiaand there is a need to construct the data warehouse forprevention, early detection and to take control measures.There is a need to aware the public about epidemic diseases.The information given by data warehouse is useful to theresearchers, academicians, doctors, health workers andGovt. servants including common man. This data keeps usaware and forearmed to prevent such attacks in future.
This work is proposed to be undertaken with thefollowing objectives:
Persons at the helm of affairs at central Government ingeneral and State Government in particular are worselyin need of disease wise clinical data to equipthemselves with corrective cum counter strategies. Thereliable and quickly retrievable clinical data on diseasewise is a need of the hour with which planners canprepare their strategies to control and curb the diseasesfrom this point of view this particular data warehousegoing to be handy to the planners.
This data warehouse is for the future use of theresearchers, academicians, Doctors, Health workers andGovt. servants including common man. This data keepsus aware and forearmed to prevent such attacks infuture.
The data warehouse and analysis reports will be madepublicly available for further research.
5. Data Warehouse
Data Warehousing is a buzz-phrase that has takenthe information systems’ world by storm. A data warehouse(DWH) can be looked at as an “informational database” thatis maintained separately from an organization’s operationaldatabase. But that would fall short of the full technologicalimplications of the DWH term. The process of transformingdata into information and making it available to the user in atime bound manner to make a difference is known as datawarehousing.In order to serve the decision making process of themanagement the data warehouse has to supply the followingprimary functionality:
The DWH is a reflection of the business rules of theenterprise – not just of a specific function or business
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 5, August 2010240http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500