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Table Of Contents

1.1 Industrial design perspective
1.2 Industrial context
1.2.1 PVC window manufacturing technology
1.2 Definition of problem
1.4 Solution
1.5 Historical background
1.6 Adhesive Market
1.7 Joining Methods Comparison
MECHANISMS OF ADHESION
2.1 Forces of adhesion
2.1.1 Primary or chemical forces
ii. Ionic Bonds or inter-ionic forces
2.1.2 Secondary or physical forces
i. Van der Waals forces
ii. Hydrogen Bonds
iii. Acid-base interactions
2.2 Theories of adhesion
3.1 Adhesive classification
3.1.1 Function
3.1.2 Materials to bond
3.1.3 Physical form
3.1.4 Application and cure requirements
3.1.5 In-service durability
3.1.6 Chemical composition
i. Thermoplastic adhesives
ii. Thermosetting adhesives
iii. Elastomeric adhesives
iv. Hybrid or alloy adhesives
3.2 Adhesive types
3.2.1 Epoxy adhesives
3.2.2 Phenolic adhesives
3.2.3 Acrylic adhesives
3.2.4 Polyurethane adhesives
3.2.5 UV curable adhesives
3.2.6 Aromatic adhesives
3.2.7 Polyesters (unsaturated)
3.2.8 Rubber adhesives (elastomers)
3.2.9 Thermoplastic adhesives
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Joint stresses overview
4.3 T-joint design
4.6 Bonded joint failure
4.7 Joint design considerations
SELECTION OF ADHESIVE FOR PVC BONDING
5.1 Selection process
5.1.1 Plastic bonding – substrate selection
5.1.2 Application and bonding methods
5.1.3 Service environments
5.1.4 Cost
5.1.5 Market
5.2 Adhesive selection
5.3 Adhesive bulk properties
5.3.1 Specimen manufacture
5.3.2 Deformation measurement
5.3.3 Test results and discussion
5.4 Single lap joints (SLJs)
5.4.1 Manufacture
5.4.2 Test results and discussion
5.4.3 Stress analysis
5.4.3.1 Closed form analysis
5.4.3.2 Numerical analysis (finite element method)
5.5 Weatherability
5.5.1 Weatherability factors
5.5.3 Testing conditions
5.5.4 Bulk results and discussion
5.5.5 Single lap joint test results
5.6 Tg determination
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Manufacture
6.3 Testing conditions
6.3.1 Jig
6.3.2 Test positions
6.3.3 Specimen grip
6.3.4 Reinforcement bar
6.4 Test results
6.4.1 Mechanism of failure
6.4.1.1 Joints fastened with screws
6.4.1.2 Adhesive joints
6.4.2 Load-displacement curves
6.4.2.1 Test position 1 without reinforcement bar
6.4.2.2 Test position 1 with reinforcement bar
6.4.2.3 Test position 2 without reinforcement bar
6.4.2.4 Test position 2 with reinforcement bar
6.4.2.5 Test position 3 without reinforcement bar
5.5 Finite element analysis
5.5.1 Fastened (with screws) model
5.5.2 Bonded model
5.5.3 Mesh and boundary condition
5.5.4 Results
5.5.5 New design proposal
COST AND PROCESS ANALYSIS
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Production Processes
1. Time consumption;
7.2.1 Time consumption
7.2.2 Required tools
7.2.4 Surface finish aspect
7.2.5 Sealing properties
7.2.6 Risk assessment
7.3 Cost analysis
CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
8.1 Conclusion
References
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MSc Thesis

MSc Thesis

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Published by filipejpc

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Published by: filipejpc on Sep 10, 2010
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05/25/2012

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