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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 Origin and Discovery of Quantum Mechanics
1.2 Contradicting Discretization: Uncertainties
2.2 The Hamilton Formalism
2.3 Liouville Equation, Probabilities
2.3.1 Single particle consideration
2.3.2 Ensemble consideration
2.4 Expectation Values of Observables
2.5 Extension beyond Classical Mechanics
Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
3.1 Introductory Remarks
3.2 Hilbert Spaces
4.2 Ket and Bra States
4.3 Linear Operators, Hermitian Operators
4.4 Observables
4.5 Representation Spaces and Basis Vectors
Schrodinger Equation and Liouville Equation
5.1 Introductory Remarks
5.2 The Density Matrix
5.3 The Probability Density p(x, t)
5.4 Schrodinger Equation and Liouville Equation
5.4.1 Evaluation of the density matrix
Quantum Mechanics of the Harmonic Oscillator
6.1 Introductory Remarks
6.2 The One-Dimensional Linear Oscillator
6.3 The Energy Representation of the Oscillator
6.4 The Configuration Space Representation
6.5 The Harmonic Oscillator Equation
6.5.1 Derivation of the generating function
Green's Functions
7.1 Introductory Remarks
7.2 Time-dependent and Time-independent Cases
7.4 Green's Function of the Harmonic Oscillator
7.5 The Inverted Harmonic Oscillator
7.5.1 Wave packets
7.5.2 A particle's sojourn time T at the maximum
Time-Independent Perturbation Theory
8.1 Introductory Remarks
8.2 Asymptotic Series versus Convergent Series
8.2.1 The error function and Stokes discontinuities
8.2.2 Stokes discontinuities of oscillator functions
8.3 Asymptotic Series from Differential Equations
8.4 Formal Definition of Asymptotic Expansions
8.5 Rayleigh-Schrodinger Perturbation Theory
8.6 Degenerate Perturbation Theory
8.7 Dingle-Muller Perturbation Method
The Density Matrix and Polarization Phenomena
9.1 Introductory Remarks
9.2 Reconsideration of Electrodynamics
9.3 Schrodinger and Heisenberg Pictures
9.4 The Liouville Equation
Quantum Theory: The General Formalism
10.1 Introductory Remarks
10.2 States and Observables
10.2.1 Uncertainty relation for observables A, B
10.3 One-Dimensional Systems
10.3.1 The translation operator U(a)
10.4 Equations of Motion
10.5 States of Finite Lifetime
10.6 The Interaction Picture
10.7 Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory
10.8 Transitions into the Continuum
10.9 General Time-Dependent Method
The Coulomb Interaction
11.1 Introductory Remarks
11.2 Separation of Variables, Angular Momentum
11.2.1 Separation of variables
11.3 Representation of Rotation Group
11.4 Angular Momentum:Angular Representation
11.5 Radial Equation for Hydrogen-like Atoms
11.6 Discrete Spectrum of the Coulomb Potential
11.6.1 The eigenvalues
11.6.2 Laguerre polynomials: Various definitions in use!
11.6.3 The eigenfunctions
11.6.4 Hydrogen-like atoms in parabolic coordinates
11.7 Continuous Spectrum of Coulomb Potential
11.7.1 The Rutherford formula
11.8 Scattering of a Wave Packet
11.9 Scattering Phase and Partial Waves
Quantum Mechanical Tunneling
12.1 Introductory Remarks
12.2 Continuity Equation and Conditions
12.3 The Short-Range Delta Potential
12.4 Scattering from a Potential Well
12.5 Degenerate Potentials and Tunneling
Linear Potentials
13.1 Introductory Remarks
13.2 The Freely Falling Particle: Quantization
13.2.1 Superposition of de Broglie waves
13.2.2 Probability distribution at large times
13.3 Stationary States
13.4 The Saddle Point or Stationary Phase Method
Classical Limit and WKB Method
14.1 Introductory Remarks
14.2 Classical Limit and Hydrodynamics Analogy
14.3 The WKB Method
14.3.1 The approximate WKB solutions
14.3.2 Turning points and matching of WKB solutions
14.3.3 Linear approximation and matching
14.4 Bohr—Sommerfeld—Wilson Quantization
14.5 Further Examples
Power Potentials
15.1 Introductory Remarks
15.2 The Power Potential
15.3 The Three-Dimensional Wave Function
Screened Coulomb Potentials
16.1 Introductory Remarks
16.2 Regge Trajectories
16.3 The 5-Matrix
16.4 The Energy Expansion
16.5 The Sommerfeld—Watson Transform
16.6 Concluding Remarks
Periodic Potentials
17.1 Introductory Remarks
17.2 Cosine Potential: Weak Coupling Solutions
17.2.1 The Floquet exponent
17.2.2 Four types of periodic solutions
17.3 Cosine Potential: Strong Coupling Solutions
17.3.1 Preliminary remarks
17.3.2 The solutions
17.3.3 The eigenvalues
17.3.4 The level splitting
17.4 Elliptic and Ellipsoidal Potentials
17.4.1 Introduction
17.4.2 Solutions and eigenvalues
17.4.3 The level splitting
17.4.4 Reduction to Mathieu functions
17.5 Concluding Remarks
Anharmonic Oscillator Potentials
18.1 Introductory Remarks
18.2 The Inverted Double Well Potential
18.2.1 Defining the problem
18.2.2 Three pairs of solutions
18.2.3 Matching of solutions
18.2.6 The complex eigenvalues
18.3 The Double Well Potential
18.3.1 Defining the problem
18.3.2 Three pairs of solutions
18.3.3 Matching of solutions
18.3.6 Eigenvalues and level splitting
18.3.7 General Remarks
Singular Potentials
19.1 Introductory Remarks
19.2.1 Preliminary considerations
19.2.4 Notation and properties of solutions
19.2.5 Derivation of the S-matrix
19.2.6 Evaluation of the S-matrix
19.2.7 Calculation of the absorptivity
19.3.1 Preliminary remarks
solutions
19.3.4 The connection formulas
19.3.5 Derivation of the ^-matrix
19.4 Concluding Remarks
Large Order Behaviour of Perturbation Expansions
20.1 Introductory Remarks
20.2 Cosine Potential: Large Order Behaviour
20.3 Cosine Potential: Complex Eigenvalues
20.3.1 The decaying ground state
20.3.2 Decaying excited states
20.3.3 Relating the level splitting to imaginary E
20.3.4 Recalculation of large order behaviour
20.4 Cosine Potential: A Different Calculation
20.5 Anharmonic Oscillators
20.5.1 The inverted double well
20.5.2 The double well
20.6 General Remarks
The Path Integral Formalism
21.1 Introductory Remarks
21.2 Path Integrals and Green's Functions
21.3 The Green's Function for Potential V=0
21.3.1 Configuration space representation
21.3.2 Momentum space represenation
21.4 Including V in First Order Perturbation
21.5 Rederivation of the Rutherford Formula
21.6 Path Integrals in Dirac's Notation
21.7 Canonical Quantization from Path Integrals
Classical Field Configurations
22.1 Introductory Remarks
22.2 The Constant Classical Field
22.3 Soliton Theories in One Spatial Dimension
22.4 Stability of Classical Configurations
22.5 Bogomol'nyi Equations and Bounds
22.6 The Small Fluctuation Equation
22.7 Existence of Finite-Energy Solutions
22.8 Ginzburg—Landau Vortices
22.9 Introduction to Homotopy Classes
22.10 The Fundamental Homotopy Group
Path Integrals and Instantons
23.1 Introductory Remarks
23.2 Instantons and Anti-Instantons
23.4.2 Evaluation of the functional integral
23.4.3 The Faddeev—Popov constraint insertion
23.4.4 The single instanton contribution
23.4.5 Instanton-anti-instanton contributions
23.5 Concluding Remarks
Path Integrals and Bounces on a Line
24.1 Introductory Remarks
24.2 The Bounce in a Simple Example
24.3 The Inverted Double Well: The Bounce and Complex Energy
24.3.1 The bounce solution
24.3.2 The single bounce contribution
24.3.3 Evaluation of the single bounce kernel
24.3.4 Sum over an infinite number of bounces
24.3.5 Comments
24.4 Inverted Double Well: Constant Solutions
24.5 The Cubic Potential and its Complex Energy
Periodic Classical Configurations
25.1 Introductory Remarks
25.2 The Double Well Theory on a Circle
25.2.1 Periodic configurations
25.2.2 The fluctuation equation
25.2.3 The limit of infinite period
25.3 The Inverted Double Well on a Circle
25.3.1 Periodic configurations
25.3.2 The fluctuation equation
25.3.3 The limit of infinite period
25.4 The Sine—Gordon Theory on a Circle
25.4.1 Periodic configurations
25.4.2 The fluctuation equation
25.5 Conclusions
Path Integrals and Periodic Classical Configurations
26.1 Introductory Remarks
26.2 The Double Well and Periodic Instantons
26.2.1 Periodic configurations and the double well
26.2.2 Transition amplitude and Feynman kernel
26.2.3 Fluctuations about the periodic instanton
26.2.4 The single periodic instanton contribution
26.2.5 Sum over instanton-anti-instanton pairs
26.3 The Cosine Potential and Periodic Instantons
26.3.1 Periodic configurations and the cosine potential
26.3.2 Transition amplitude and Feynman kernel
26.3.3 The fluctuation equation and its eigenmodes
26.3.4 The single periodic instanton contribution
26.3.5 Sum over instanton—anti-instanton pairs
26.4 The Inverted Double Well and Periodic In- stantons
26.4.1 Periodic configurations and the inverted double well
26.4.2 Transition amplitude and Feynman kernel
26.4.3 The fluctuation equation and its eigenmodes
26.4.4 The single periodic bounce contribution
26.4.5 Summing over the infinite number of bounces
27.5 Constraints as Generators of a Gauge Group
27.6 Gauge Fixing and Dirac Quantization
27.7 The Formalism of Dirac Quantization
27.7.1 Poisson and Dirac brackets in field theory
27.8 Dirac Quantization of Free Electrodynamics
27.9 Faddeev-Jackiw Canonical Quantization
27.9.1 The method of Faddeev and Jackiw
The Quantum-Classical Crossover as Phase Transition
28.1 Introductory Remarks
28.2 Relating Period to Temperature
28.3 Crossover in Previous Cases
28.3.1 The double well and phase transitions
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Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Schrodinger Equation and Path Integral~Tqw~_darksiderg

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Schrodinger Equation and Path Integral~Tqw~_darksiderg

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Published by: Bitan Chakraborty on Sep 10, 2010
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