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Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery Process

Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery Process

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Published by Elder A. O Ezeanya
Oil Recovery Using Microbial Methods
Oil Recovery Using Microbial Methods

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Elder A. O Ezeanya on Sep 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/20/2013

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MICROBIAL
 ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PROCESS (MEOR)Detailed Documentation &Appraisal Of:
BY
EZEANYA, CHINYERE CHARITY (BSc. Hons)
 
Miss Ezeanya, Chinyere Charity 
(2010)
2
 
Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR)
ABSTRACT
Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) refers to the recovery of oil that is left behindafter primary and secondary recovery methods have either been exhaustedor no longer economical.Since 1946 more than 400 patents on MEOR have been issued, but none hasgained acceptance by the oil industry. Most of the literature on MEOR isfrom laboratory experiments.Primary recovery usually only accesses 30 to 35 per cent of the original oilin place (OOIP).Secondary and tertiary recovery methods may net a further 15 to 25 per cent OOIP, leaving 30 to 55 per cent OOIP left behind as irrecoverable or irreducible oil in the reservoir.Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) technology targets the remainingoil and aims at enabling production of 80 to 85 per cent of OOIP.There are different modes of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) methods. Theseare: Chemical methods, Gas flooding, Microbial processes, Thermal processes, Novel methods and Computer simulation.Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) method relies on microbes toferment hydrocarbons and produce a by-product that is useful in therecovery of oil. MEOR functions by channeling oil through preferred pathways in the reservoir rock. This is done by closing/plugging off smallchannels and forcing the oil to migrate through the larger pore spaces. Whileit is clear that biocatalysis performed by microbes may promote beneficial
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